Past Continuous Questions:
Make past continuous yes / no questions:
When you arrived at the party.
1. (Alan / dance?)
2. (Susie / drink gin?)
3. (John and Ann / sing?)
4. (Luke / talk to the girls?)
5. (Jodie / put
Past Continuous Mixed Exercise 2
Make the past continuous (choose positive, negative or question):
1. (they / take the exam?)
2. (when / he / work there?)
3. (you / make dinner?)
4. (they / drink coffee when you arriv
Past Perfect and Past Simple
Choose the past perfect, or the past simple:
1. We had already eaten when John _
2. Last year Juan _ (pass) all his exams.
3. When I _ (get) to the airport I
discovered I had forgot
Past Simple or the Past Continuous?
Choose the past simple or past continuous:
1. What _ (you / do) when I
_ (call) you last night?
2. I _ (sit) in a caf when you
3. When you _ (arrive) at the party, who
_ (be) th
Past Perfect Positive and Negative
Make the past perfect:
1. When I arrived at the cinema, the film _ (start).
2. She _ (live) in China before she went to Thailand.
3. After they _ (eat) the shellfish, they began to feel si
Past Continuous Positive and Negative
Make the positive past continuous:
1. (Julie / sleep at three oclock)
2. (you / study at three oclock)
3. (Luke / read at three oclock)
4. (I / work at three oclock)
5. (they /
Past Continuous Mixed Exercise 1
Make the past continuous (you need to choose positive, negative or question):
1. (he / cook)
2. (she / play cards?)
3. (I / not / cry)
4. (you / not / feel well)
5. (where / I / go w
Past Perfect Continuous Negative
Make the past perfect continuous negative:
1. I _ (not / work) there long when she quit.
2. She _ (not / work) but she was tired anyway.
3. It _ (not / rain) long when I got home.
4. He was in trouble with the teacher beca
Past Perfect Continuous Questions
Make past perfect continuous yes / no or wh questions:
1. When you got sick, _ (you / eat)
2. There was water everywhere, _ (what /
the children / do)?
3. _ (it / rain) when you left the
4. _ (how long
Past Perfect Questions
Make past perfect simple yes / no or wh questions:
1. _ (you / go) there before we went together?
2. _ (she / see) the film already?
3. Why _ (he / forgot) about the meeting?
4. _ (it / be) cold all w
Past Simple or Past Continuous?
Choose the past simple or past continuous:
1. He _ (sleep) when the doorbell
2. We _ (eat) dinner at 8pm last night (we started
eating at 7:30).
3. Yesterday I _ (go) to the post of
Past Perfect Continuous Positive
Make the past perfect continuous positive:
1. I _ (work) all day, so I didnt want to go out.
2. She _ (sleep) for ten hours when I woke her.
3. They _ (live) in Beijing for three years when
he lost his job.
4. When we met,
Correct use of some prepositions
Prepositions may be small words, but they are very important ones and their correct use shows your mastery of
the language. Here are some hints about the correct use of some prepositions.
Beside and besides
Beside means by
Interchange of active and passive voice
A sentence in the active form can be changed into the passive form. Similarly a sentence in the passive form can
be changed into the active form.
Active: Brutus stabbed Caesar.
Passive: Caesar was stabbed by Brutus.
Analysis of a sentence
We have already seen that a simple sentence has only one subject and one predicate. The subject refers to the
person or thing about which something is said. The predicate is that part of the sentence that says something
about the su
Must and Ought to
Must doesnt change its form, whatever be its tense or the number and person of its subject. It can refer to the
present or future.
You must do this now. (Present)
He must pay damages. (Future)
You must file a petition. (Future)
Order of Words in a Sentence
To convey the intended meaning words must be arranged in the proper order in a sentence. The following is the
usual order of words in an English sentence.
Subject before the verb
The subject usually comes before the verb in an
Determiners Part II
Two group B determiners can be put together if the combination makes sense.
We meet every few days.
I have seen all seven films directed by him.
When a group B determiner is directly used before a noun, we do not use of.
Have you got a
Kinds of co-ordinating conjunctions
A cumulative conjunction merely adds one statement to another. Examples are: and, bothand, as well as,
not onlybut also
Alice cooked the dinner and Peter tidied the house.
She is both clever and b
Formation of plurals Part II
Some nouns have identical singular and plural forms. Examples are: swine, sheep, deer, cod, salmon, aircraft,
spacecraft, series, species etc.
The following nouns are always used in the singular form after numerals: pair, doze
Correct use of conjunctions Part III
It is wrong to use than instead of when in these sentences:
Scarcely had I reached the station than the train steamed out. (Incorrect)
Scarcely had I reached the station when the train steamed out. (Correc
Each, every, either and neither are distributive adjectives. These are normally used with singular nouns.
Distributives are placed immediately before the nouns they qualify.
Each boy wore a hat.
Neither answer is correct.
Read the following sentences:
1. John thinks that he is a great artist.
2. I wish to learn English.
In sentence 1, the verb thinks has a subject. Its form is determined by the number and person of its subject,
namely John. Verbs which are
Interchange of the degrees of comparison
It is possible to change the degree of comparison without changing the
meaning of a sentence. Study the following examples.
Positive: I am as strong as him.
Comparative: He is not stronger than me.
As you can proba
Auxiliary verbs Do and Can
Uses of do
The auxiliary do is used:
1) to form the negative and interrogative of the simple present and simple
He came. (Affirmative)
He did not come. (Negative)
Did he come? (Interrogative)
He works. (Affirmative)
Active or Passive Voice
The active voice is used when the agent (i.e, the doer of the action) is to be made prominent. The passive voice
is used when the person or thing acted upon is to be made prominent. The passive voice is therefore preferred
Grammar Terms Part I
The term dangling participle refers to a participle which is not grammatically linked to the rest of the sentence. For
example, in the sentence Standing at the gate, a scorpion stung him, the participial phrase sta
Position of adverbs Part II
Adverbs should be placed next to the word or words they modify.
He had almost got to the top when the rope broke. (Here the adverb almost modifies the verb got.)
As a general rule, the adverb only should come immediately before
Story writing tips
To tell a story well you need some practice. A good story writer looks ahead as he tells the story and plans it out.
To write a good story you must have the whole plot clear in your mind. You must also have the main points
arranged in t
Special uses of some adverbs
Very is commonly used before an adjective or another adverb in the positive degree. It means to a great extent.
She is very beautiful. (with adjective)
It is very hot. (with adjective)
He did it very nicely. (with adverb)