Quick-start Guide for Experiment Participation
The Psychological and Brain Sciences Experiment Management System provides an easy method for you to
sign up for studies and track your progress throughout the semester. Everything is done throug
The Science of Psychology
Psyche (breath of life in Greek)
1. Soul or spirit
2. Loosely translated: mind
Logos = knowledge = study
Original def: study of the mind
Todays def: scientific study of mental and behavioral pro
Def: current awareness of internal and external stimuli
1.Monitoring: keeping track of body and whats happening in world
a. dont attend to all stimuli: screen out irrelevant info. Reticular
b. notice change in
transmits neural impulses (info) to other neurons,
glands, & muscles
(will have to
100 billion neurons
-neurogenesis (where new neurons are made) occurs in hippocampus
-hippocampus is responsible for submitting long term memory
Sensation & Perception: Intro
Defining Sensation and Perception
Sensation: sense organ
psychological: the immediate experience of simple stimuli
(basic properties of object)
biological: stimulation of the sense organs
On psych website, quizzes are optional
How to study for Irene tests:
Rewrite notes before next class
Read notes out loud
All tests: everything is from notes or what she speaks about in class. Nothing from t
Individual choice and free will
(Determinist) - All behaviors caused by past conditioning
Choose most of our behaviors, guide by physiological, emotional, and spiritual
Not easily tested by scientific method
At birth, brain is developed to support basic reflexes
Culture influences how quickly infants develop motor control
Dynamic systems thoery
Development is self organizing - when new forms of behavior emerge
through consistent interact
Thoughts & Actions - determined by biological drives, understanding of
satisfying the drives, and prohibitions of society
From childhood experiences
Fixation - attachment to ear
PARTICIPANT (STUDENT) DOCUMENTATION
Table of Contents
PARTICIPANT (STUDENT) DOCUMENTATION . 1
Introduction . 2
Getting Started . 2
Requesting an Account . 18
Logging In. 3
Logging Out . 6
Changing Your Password and Other Information . 6
Which of the followi ng is a feat ure of the deepes t level of processing in memory?
O It deals with recognizing and labeling a stimulus.
O It involves t hinking about the meaning of a stimu lus
O It predomi nantly uses the am
QUEST ION 1
Retrieval is the memo ry process tha t
O transforms infor mation into a form tha t can be stored in memory.
occurs when information that was retained in memory comes out of storage.
. so tha t it can be retained over lime
S14 Exam 1 Study Guide
22. What is a population?
1. Why is psychology a science?
23. What is random selection?
2. What is interactive dualism?
24. What is naturalistic observation?
3. What is the nature-nurture controversy?
25. What is a case study?
38. What is the figure-ground relationship?
39. Know the gestalt principles (laws) of perception?
1. What is sensation? Perception?
40. What is the law of Pragnanz?
2. What is transduction?
41. What are binocular cues? Monocular cues?
3. What is sensory a
Drive Reduction Theory
Behavior is motivated by biological needs
Primary drives - biological
Secondary drives - learned drives
Arousal - Yerkes-Dodson Law - optimal performance is medium arousal
Opponent process theory - motivation to return to baseline a