C100 FA14 test4 copy
l. Comparing the structures ofaspirin, ibuprofen, and acetaminophen, what structural units do they share?
A. amide functional groups
B. ester functional groups
C. acid functional groups
Chapter 2: Protecting
the Ozone Layer
has the molecular formula O3
when O2 absorbs large
amounts of energy:
Energy + 3 O2 2 O3
in troposphere and
stratosphere (mostly in
stratosphere at 9-18 km)
Rules for Rounding
If the last digit is <5, round down:
1.442 becomes 1.44
If the last digit is >5, round up:
1.446 becomes 1.45
If the last digit is 5:
Round down if the digit immediately to
the left of the 5 is even: 1.445 becomes
1. H-COOH is the formula for which acid?
2. What is a polymer?
A large molecule comprised of smaller repeating units (monomers) covalently bonded
3. The ester functional group has what formula?
Chapter 5 questions:
What are aquifers?
Underground storage areas of water located 50-500ft below the surface
2. Explain the difference between evaporation, condensation, freezing, and sublimation.
Evaporation: liquid water is transformed into water va
Drug Discovery (12/4/14)
1. What is the name of carbon-carbon triple bond?
2. Name 3 functions of steroids?
Metabolic, sex hormone, membrane structural components, pregrancy, contraceptives,
abortion, muscle/bone growth, etc.
3. In general, how do
Chapter 4 questions:
1. Definition of Energy
Energy is the ability to do work.
2. Definition of work (and equation)
Work is the energy required to move an object against a force. Eqn: w=f*d
3. What are the 2 basic categories of energy?
Potential Energy: s
Chapter 3 questions:
1. What is the greenhouse effect?
It is where atmospheric gases are trapped and IR radiation cant escape which
heats up the earth.
2. Earths Energy balance: What percentage of the earths radiation goes where?
1. What is the phase transition of sublimation?
a. Gas liquid
b. Liquid solid
c. Solid gas
d. Liquid gas
2. Briefly explain the difference between a solvent, solute, and solution.
solvent: a substance capable of dissolving other substances
solute: a subst
Chapter 5 questions:
1. Write the formula and charges for NaCO3.
2Na+ + CO32- Na2CO3
1. Why are ionic compounds very soluble in water?
Ionic compound readily dissociate in water, and water then will solvate the free ions.
2. Briefly summarize the Clean Wa
Top Ten Reasons for Taking
10) [I have] no specific interests in any
9) I actually like chemistry so I would
like to know whatever you want to
throw at us.
8) Morbid curiosity
7) General interest in chemistry;
assumed it wouldnt be
Chapter 2: Protecting the Ozone
is an allotrope of oxygen:
A form of the element that has a
different structure and different physical
Other examples of allotropes are
diamonds and charcoal: both are forms
of the element Carbon
Final Exam Topics (semi-cumulative)
Anything is fair game but the material outlined below is what I would focus on.
What is a polymer? A plastic?
o Polymer Large molecules consisting of long chain or chains of atoms
covalently bonded together
Chemistry 100: Updated Exam 1 Review Topics
*Please note: anything in your notes/book could be on your exam but this list of questions is
meant to assist in your studying.
Our Atmosphere: What are its major components? What are the major divisions? Which
The Chemistry of
Scientific Information will be presented
Political Rhetoric will not be presented
Interpretations of data will be
Discussion will be encouraged
You can draw your conclusions
This is scientific inquiry!
What is Glo
Brief History of the Earth and
Photosynthesis drastically reduced
[CO2] and increased [O2]
In the age of dinosaurs (1 x 106 years
ago) [CO2] was higher than today and
the Earth was 10-15 warmer
Recent history (160,000 years ago
to the p
Other greenhouse gases
Methane: Much lower concentration in the
atmosphere than CO2 (~200x less) but is 20x
more effective at trapping heat than CO2
Levels are double pre-Industrial revolution levels
40% from natural sources (ruminants, anaerobic
What the Frack?: Making Sense (Maybe?) of the Technology, Ethics and
What the Frack?:
Making Sense (Maybe?) of the Technology,
Ethics and Politics of Fracking
Michael L. Godec, Vice President
ADVANCED RESOURCES INTERNATIONAL, INC.
The World as Chemistry
C 100: The World as
A lecture course for non-science majors
This course is NOT for Chemistry
majors (see C117, C118, C103) or
students enrolled in programs that
require two semesters in Chemistry
Currently, only nine states require
exhaust emission standards! (CA, CT,
DE, MA, NH, NJ, NY, RI, VT and DC)
Indiana only requires inspection in
Lake and Porter counties! (near
No inspection required in the only
Energy from the Sun radiates into space
A small fraction of this radiated energy
reaches the Earth
The radiated energy is in many forms:
X-rays, gamma rays, etc.
Radiation: Waves of Light
Chemistry 100: Exam 2 Review Topics
*Please note: anything in your notes/book could be on your exam
Can you identify the solvent and solute in an aqueous solution?
o Water is solvent, a substance often a liquid, that is capable of dissolving one or more