-Positive Illusions: hold selective positive biases about stressful situations, helps sustain hope,
function as a buffer against extreme stress and promotes strong metal health
-Perseverance: the ability to struggle well and persist in the face o
Inner locus of control: you control life, situations dont control your life.
Know that coping is not the same as eliminating
Difference between managing stress and coping: Managing is more active than coping.
ABCX model: (hill) A. Event, B. Resources, C.
Basic Family Stress Concepts
Define stress terminology from lecture
o Family Stressor - particular events that are of sufficient magnitude to bring about
or have the potentiality to bring about change in a family
o Family Stress - upset in the steady stat
Define the 3 Rs and the effects of stress on them
o Rules - limitations on behavior and change in behavior within the family
o Roles - the various characters played in families (can change or be exaggerated in
we respond to each oth
Why we dont focus on invulnerability instead of resilience
o Resilience is not the same as invulnerability.
o Be careful not to blame those who buckle to adversity as not having the right
stuff. When conditions are incredibly challenging and beyond ones
also defined as facilitative environment and related to social world/social
secure attachment in infancy with primary caregiver
family provides a sense of being valued and a sense of coherence and
order in the childs life
Family profileswhat are characteristics of a resilient family
o Families that cope best are strong as a unit and the individual members are also
o Individual strength and independence and family integrity and unity.
o Proactive r
Family Stress and Culture
The resilience mechanisms as described in the lecture (like socialization and
communication, extended family, etc.) Know these well enough to answer questions
about them or apply them to a scenario. Talk about elders and roles mo
o Covenant with elders - They may carry stories, connect generations, and provide
a spiritual grounding, Elders are held in HIGH regard, Family hierarchies very
o Safety and Refuge - The greater the stability in family structure and function, the
Primary and secondary appraisal
o Primary appraise situation as danger, threat, challenge, or benign
o Secondary if seen as danger, threat, or challenge, coping resources are appraised
Define coping (Lazarus)
o Response to situation for which habit
Boundary Ambiguity (BA) and Ambivalence
We spent a bit of time on what these terms are, and examples in families where
there is boundary ambiguity.
Know examples of BA in which the person/situation is physically present but
psychologically absent and exam
*The drive to make meaningwhy do we have to make new meaning when faced with a
We must give meaning to whatever we perceive (i.e., sensory inputs must make sense to
Done in the context of family, but in other social contexts, too
When a stres