Sexuality and Review
o Heteronormativity: A system that institutionalizes heterosexuality as the
standard for legitimate and expected social and sexual relations.
o Heterosexism: A system of oppression that privileges heterose
How Society Constructs Race
o Overview to Question
o How does society construct race and value whites over nonwhites?
One way is through notions of biological determinism. Biological
determinism is (remember the definition).
Society has histo
o Social Categories and Social Justice
o Social Diversity vs. Social Justice
o Social Diversity Education: Focuses on appreciating and tolerating social
differences without an emphasis on power dynamics or differential acce
Sex and Gender Identity
Sex and Gender
o Sex: socially constructed category based on culturally accepted biological
o Females and Males: categorized on the basis of chromosomes, genitalia,
reproductive organs, and hormones.
Definition of Transgender
o Transgender (TG): (1) An umbrella term that includes individuals who
change, cross, and/or go beyond or through the culturally defined binary
gender categories (woman/man). (2) A self-ascribed state of
Exam #2 Review
1. Describe how those that identify as queer and transgender both challenge
heteronormative notions of gender, sex, and sexuality but in different
Queer is contesting through object choice, and transgender is
o Fat Studies: An interdisciplinary field of scholarship marked by aggressive,
consistent, rigorous critique of the negative assumptions, stereotypes,
and stigma placed on fat and the fat body.
o Reclaims the term fat
Vocab Exam #1
o Feminism: A wide range of theoretical and political perspectives that:
value women and men and their experiences, seeks to understand how
women and men are oppressed in society, is committed to activism, social
change, and equal
Feminism, Sex/Gender, and Intersectionality
What Is Feminism?
o Equality for all people
Includes women and men, as well as people of all races and
o Feminism A wide range of theoretical and political perspectives that:
Sex and Gender Identity
o Medicalization: theoretical approach that examines the process through
which aspects of life previously outside the jurisdiction of medicine come
to be constructed as medical problems
Not just social pr
o Why Are Definitions Important?
o The practice of naming and defining others is a practice of social control
and a way of reinforcing normative understandings of gender and
o It is important to think through definitions and