Know what aspects of the prenatal environment can influence the fetus and how.
1) Diet: prenatal vitamins are important, good nutrition is important for development of brain
2) Infection: if mothers get certain infections, could cause major toll on baby
Chapter 12: Muscles: Skeletal and Smooth
Three types of Muscle: Skeletal, Cardiac, and Smooth
Cardiac and Skeletal are both striated b/c they exhibit light and dark bands under
Smooth Muscle: Primary muscle of internal organ and tubes
Chapter 11: Efferent Division: Autonomic and Somatic Motor Control
Peripheral Nervous System Efferent Division
1) Somatic Motor Neurons (control skeletal muscle for voluntary control)
2) Autonomic Neurons (control smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, glands, an
Chapter 8: Neurons: Cellular and Network Properties
The nervous system can be divided into two parts:
-Central Nervous System (CNS): Brain and spinal cord
-Peripheral Nervous System (PNS): Consists of afferent (sensory) neurons
and efferent neurons.
Chapter 15: Blood Flow and the Control of Blood Pressure
Order of decreasing diameter:
Vein > Artery > Arteriole > Venule > Capillary
-The systemic arteries: act as a pressure reservoir, releasing pressure through elastic
recoil and maintaining blood flow
Chapter 6: Communication, Integration, and Homeostasis
Cell to Cell Communication:
Four basic methods of cell to cell communication:
1) Gap Junctions:
a. direct cytoplasmic transfer of electrical and chemical signals btwn adjacent
b. Adjacent cells
Chapter 7: Introduction to the Endocrine System
Endocrinology: The study of hormones.
- Chemical messengers secreted by specialized cell(s) into blood for transport to a
distant target, where it exerts itself at very low concent
Chapter 9: The Central Nervous System
Cerebrum: Forebrain, frontal brain for cognition and reasoning
Cerebellum: Hindbrain for movement and balance.
Anatomy of CNS:
Neural plate: flattened plate in very embryo consisting of cells that will become the
Chapter 10: Sensory Physiology (pg 333-249)
-Simplest receptors are for pain and itch, more complex systems include sense
organs of eyes and ears.
Types of Receptors:
1) Chemoreceptors: respond to chemical ligands (taste and smell)
Chapter 13: Integrative Physiology I: Control of Body Movement
Reflex: Integration of sensory information into an involuntary response.
Neural reflexes are classified by:
1) The efferent division that controls the response:
a. Somatic reflexes (skeletal m
Goals of Psychology: describe, predict, understand, & control behavior.
When did Psychology start? As a science, 1879.
independent variable - whatever we manipulate. what ppl come assigned to their groups with,
wanting it to be the only thing th
Study Guide for General Psychology Final Exam
Know what each different type of psychologist does.
Psychology: The scientific study of overt behavior and mental processes.
1) Stating the problem
2) Forming a theory
Theory - general idea
Understand the 4 theories of motivation.
1) Drive: need drive response goal
system allows for survival (individual or species)
a biological need, something that you have to have to survive as a person or species.
produces a drive within you, internal thin
Chapter 14: The Cardiovascular System
Cardiovascular System: a circulatory system comprising a heart, blood vessels
(vasculature), and blood (cells and plasma).
A) Substances transported by Cardiovascular System:
a. Nutrients, water and gases that enter t