Drive Reduction Theory
Behavior is motivated by biological needs
Primary drives - biological
Secondary drives - learned drives
Arousal - Yerkes-Dodson Law - optimal performance is medium arousal
Opponent process theory - motivation to return to baseline a
Thoughts & Actions - determined by biological drives, understanding of
satisfying the drives, and prohibitions of society
From childhood experiences
Fixation - attachment to ear
At birth, brain is developed to support basic reflexes
Culture influences how quickly infants develop motor control
Dynamic systems thoery
Development is self organizing - when new forms of behavior emerge
through consistent interact
Individual choice and free will
(Determinist) - All behaviors caused by past conditioning
Choose most of our behaviors, guide by physiological, emotional, and spiritual
Not easily tested by scientific method
QUEST ION 1
Retrieval is the memo ry process tha t
O transforms infor mation into a form tha t can be stored in memory.
occurs when information that was retained in memory comes out of storage.
. so tha t it can be retained over lime
Which of the followi ng is a feat ure of the deepes t level of processing in memory?
O It deals with recognizing and labeling a stimulus.
O It involves t hinking about the meaning of a stimu lus
O It predomi nantly uses the am
On psych website, quizzes are optional
How to study for Irene tests:
Rewrite notes before next class
Read notes out loud
All tests: everything is from notes or what she speaks about in class. Nothing from t
Sensation & Perception: Intro
Defining Sensation and Perception
Sensation: sense organ
psychological: the immediate experience of simple stimuli
(basic properties of object)
biological: stimulation of the sense organs
transmits neural impulses (info) to other neurons,
glands, & muscles
(will have to
100 billion neurons
-neurogenesis (where new neurons are made) occurs in hippocampus
-hippocampus is responsible for submitting long term memory
Def: current awareness of internal and external stimuli
1.Monitoring: keeping track of body and whats happening in world
a. dont attend to all stimuli: screen out irrelevant info. Reticular
b. notice change in
The Science of Psychology
Psyche (breath of life in Greek)
1. Soul or spirit
2. Loosely translated: mind
Logos = knowledge = study
Original def: study of the mind
Todays def: scientific study of mental and behavioral pro
1. Almost instantly, victims who have a stroke realize that something is wrong. However,
some brain injuries are not so obvious, such as the chronic brain injury that has been
found in dozens of retired NFL players, hockey players, and boxers. What is the
Goals of Psychology: describe, predict, understand, & control behavior.
When did Psychology start? As a science, 1879.
independent variable - whatever we manipulate. what ppl come assigned to their groups with,
wanting it to be the only thing th
Study Guide for General Psychology Final Exam
Know what each different type of psychologist does.
Psychology: The scientific study of overt behavior and mental processes.
1) Stating the problem
2) Forming a theory
Theory - general idea
Understand the 4 theories of motivation.
1) Drive: need drive response goal
system allows for survival (individual or species)
a biological need, something that you have to have to survive as a person or species.
produces a drive within you, internal thin
Know what aspects of the prenatal environment can influence the fetus and how.
1) Diet: prenatal vitamins are important, good nutrition is important for development of brain
2) Infection: if mothers get certain infections, could cause major toll on baby
Genetics, a negative explanatory style, and misuse of alcohol can play a role in developing or
worsening depression. Alternatively, psychotherapy, a positive explanatory style and proper
drug therapy can contribute to alleviating depression.
First, a pers
Unit 7 FRQ
The population of this experiment is all college students. However, since Professor Proust will not be able
to test every college student in the world, she must pick a random sample of college students to use for
this experiment. It is
Unit 9 FRQ
Jean Piaget studied cognitive development and created four stages that he believes every
person goes through. These stages are the sensorimotor period, preoperational period, concrete
operational period and formal operatio
Unit 7 Observation Journal Assignment
After completing the forgetting journal and listening to what other students said they had
forgotten throughout the week, I was surprised to see how much a person actually
-A split brain procedure is a surgery in which the corpus callosum, which is the bundle of neural
fibers that connects the two hemispheres, is severed so the left and right hemisphere no longer
interact and communicate with each other. Lateralization refe
Unit 10 FRQ
Daves behavior can be explained certain psychological ideas and theories, such as
reaction formation, trait theory, Maslows hierarchy of needs, reciprocal determination, operant
conditioning, drive-reduction theory and in
Unit 12 FRQ
The development or the worsening of depression can be influenced by several different factors,
including genetics, certain types of explanatory style and the use of alcohol. Reversely, other
factors, such as psychotherapy, drug ther
PARTICIPANT (STUDENT) DOCUMENTATION
Table of Contents
PARTICIPANT (STUDENT) DOCUMENTATION . 1
Introduction . 2
Getting Started . 2
Requesting an Account . 18
Logging In. 3
Logging Out . 6
Changing Your Password and Other Information . 6
Quick-start Guide for Experiment Participation
The Psychological and Brain Sciences Experiment Management System provides an easy method for you to
sign up for studies and track your progress throughout the semester. Everything is done throug
38. What is the figure-ground relationship?
39. Know the gestalt principles (laws) of perception?
1. What is sensation? Perception?
40. What is the law of Pragnanz?
2. What is transduction?
41. What are binocular cues? Monocular cues?
3. What is sensory a