1. Most thunderstorms do not extend very far into the stratosphere because the
air in the stratosphere is:
a. To thin
b. To dry
c. Stable *
d. Too cold
2. Vertical mixing of air tends to _ a large environmental lapse rate.
a. Increase *
1. The Earths atmosphere is divided into layers based on the vertical profile
a. air density
b. wind pressure
c. air pressure *
d. air temperature
2. Heat waves are generally considered to be little more than a nuisance and
are not responsible
1. Which two clouds can produce precipitation?
a. cumulonimbus, nimbostratus*
b. cumulonimbus, stratocumulus
c. nimbostratus, cirrus
d. nimbostratus, altostratus
2. Stratus clouds are often delicate, fibrous, and white in color.
1. Large volcanic eruptions with an ash veil that enters the stratosphere, tend to
_ at the surface.
a. Decrease temperatures
2. A positive feedback mechanism:
a. acts to reinforce an initial change
3. Which of the following has been used to reconstruct p
1. In a region where severe thunderstorms with tornadoes are forming,
one would not expect to observe:
a. A strong ridge with high pressure over the region
2. _ measures the speed at which precipitation is moving toward or
away from an observer.
1. In the Northern Hemisphere, hurricanes and middle latitude
cyclones are similar in that both:
a. Have winds that blow counterclockwise around their
2. There is a limit to the intensity of hurricanes.
3. Because of the conservation of an
1. The forecasting of weather by a computer is known as numerical weather
2. If you wanted to make a persistence forecast of minimum and maximum
temperatures for a particular city, which type of chart would be most helpful?
a. NOT Surf
1. A Mesoscale Convective Complex is actually:
a. individual thunderstorms that grow into a large, long-lasting weather
2. Jet streaks are thought to have little to do with the development of severe
3. Many flash floods, in
1. The type of weather system known as a "mid-latitude cyclone" cannot form over the
tropical ocean because:
a. surface temperature contrasts are not large and the Coriolis force is weak in
2. Strong storms that develop over water, poleward of
1. The jet stream flows in a wavy pattern from east to west.
2. Generally, along the polar front one would not expect to observe:
a. Sinking air loft
3. In south Florida the prevailing winds are northeasterly. Because of this, the
strongest sea b
1. Suppose that the winds aloft are geostrophic and blowing from the north.
Low pressure is located to the east.
2. On an upper-level chart, normally we find warm air associated with _
pressure, and cold air associated with _ pressure.
a. High, lo
1. A dryline is a stalled cold front.
2. A stationary front does not move because the winds blow parallel to the front.
3. On a weather map, the transition zone between two air masses with sharply
contrasting properties is marked by:
1. At any given time one fourth of the earth is illuminated by the sun
b. True *
2. The maximum daytime surface temperature typically occurs _ the earth
receives most of its solar radiation
a. Exactly when
3. An ideal shelter
1. The sun emits its greatest intensity of radiation in:
a. The x-ray portion of the spectrum
b. The visible portion of the spectrum *
c. The infrared portion of the spectrum
d. The ultraviolet portion of the spectrum *
2. When it is January and winter in
Atmospheric Sciences 201, Spring 2017
Third Exam Notes
The Rules: As before, the full rules are in the day-one lecture notes (posted on the website). But the important stuff is:
Each student can bring a half page (half of one side only) of hand-written
Course title and number
Meeting times and location
ATMO 201: Extreme Weather and Climate
Section 504: MWF 11:30 am - 12:20 pm O&M 103
Course Description and Prerequisites
Catalog Description: Structure, energy and motions of the at