Compare and contrast the terms Anatomy and Physiology.
Anatomy is the structure of the components of the body, and Physiology is the
function of the components of the body
Name and describe the ten anatomical direction terms to describe wher
What are the functions of the skeletal system?
Name the types of bones.
Explain the structure of a long bone.
Diaphysis or shaft: the hollow tube made of ha
What is a cell comprised of?
o Internal living material of cell
o Occupies the space between the membrane and the nucleus
o Thin and delicate
o Two layers of phospholipids
o Cholesterol to stabilize the phospholi
What is DNA? What is RNA?
DNA is deoxyribonucleic acid
o The master code for assembling proteins
o Four bases: A, C, T, and G (A/T pair; G/C pair)
o Double helix
RNA is ribonucleic acid
o A working copy of a gene
o Four bases: A, U, C and G
Name and describe the different types of muscle tissue.
o Voluntary muscle; also called striated muscle
o 40-50% of body weight
o attached to bones
o Multi-nucleated cells, and microscopic cross-stripes or striations
What are the two major types of membranes found in the body?
o Epithelial tissue layer
o Underlying layer of connective tissue
o Three types:
Primary organ of integumentary system