explored the possibilities of the recording studio and recordings become pri
mary. It seems silly, for instance, to imagine a band covering the Beatles' Sgt.
Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band in the weeks after its release in June 1967. But
in 1955, copyin
Song Analysis I
Covach has shown you how to analyze songs with listening charts. In this assignment, you will create a
simplified version of one of these guides for a song in the style of one of the genres we will soon study.
Choose a song re
The Sounds Before Rock, of the 21st Century
How central is rock to 2017 popular music culture?
In music of the 21st century,
where can we find the origins of rock, in influence and in antithesis?
Michael Buble (b. 1975)
From Burnaby, Canada
Song Analysis III
In this assignment, you will create a song analysis, again in the style of the ones in the Covach text, in
which you will explore the relationship between song form and visual image in its official music video.
Choose a song
That's All Right Mama
The Carter Family
Can the Circle Be Unbroken
Smoke on the Water
Buddy Holly and the Crickets
That'll Be the Day
Our Lips Are Sea
Elvis: The King of Rock n Roll
o R Kelly
o David Bowie (death 1/10)
Elvis Presley (1935-1977) An abbreviated biography
o Grew up in poverty in Tupelo Mississippi, later Memphis Tennessee
o July 1954: Auditions at Sun Records, reco
Back to School Blues
Meter: Counting and Grouping Beats
Finding the beat in a song: Sets of 8: http:/duetdancestudio.com/blog-dance-lessonschicago/2013/9/17/how-to-find-the-beat-in-asong
Grouping and Subdividing the beat:
Elements of Music
Melody: Main idea - Series of single notes that together make a recognizable
whole [Individual tones in a series]
o Also known as a riff (short, repeated melody)
o Phrase: Part of a melody
o Contour: High to low, low
Elements of Music
Musical Sounds in Time: Rhythm, Beat, Meter, and Tempo
Beat: Recurrent pulsation
Meter: Grouping of beats (a refinement of an earlier discussion)
Duple: Grouping of beats in 2 (The Guess Who Hand Me Down World)
Quadruple: in 4 (F
Instruments in Rock
Drums/Percussion: Rhythm (Tempo, meter, feel)
Bass: Link between rhythm & harmony (Emphasis often on roots of chords)
Rhythm Guitar: Full chords aligned with bass/drums (Bass with kick drum,
rhythm guitar with snare)
Lead Guitar: M
I want my MTV
o 24-hour channels devoted to specific concepts
o First focus was on recent movies broadcast without commercials (HBO)
o Appearance of other specialty stations
Alternative to What?
What does alternative music mean to you?
What bands/artists do you think best represents the beginning of alternative music?
Punk & New Wave: Police, Blondie, Talking Heads, The Cure
College Bands: REM,
Strawberry Fields Forever
1966 (Intended for Sgt. Pepper)
o Cellos, inside-the-piano playing, reversed-tape sounds
o Strings, choral voices, recorder ensemble
Studio Editing: Splicing
A Day in the Life
Lemonade, that cool refreshing drink
Feb 2016: Beyonc at Super Bowl 50
Formation From not-yet-released Lemonade album
Mixed with Bruno Mars Uptown Funk, performed with Chris Martin &
To what extent do drugs influence rock?
How important are drugs to rock?
Timothy Leary: Tune in, turn on, & drop out
To tune in means, literally, to attune oneself to another way of life; but it is also
a submerged metaphor from the mass media.
Coinciding with strength of Motown
Boom & Bust & Boom
o 1955-59: Rock Explosion
o 1960-64: Less than 1.6% growth
Doubling of revenues (Motown + British Invasion)
33% of #1 hits were from Invading bands (primarily Beatles & St
Explicit Lyrics & the PMRC
What does this (and similar) label mean, if
anything, for how you listen and/or acquire music?
How about when you were younger?
Parents Music Resource Center
Much has changed since Elvis' seemingly innocent times. Subtleties,
Walking down a different alley
Tin Pan Alley songs were for white, urban, literate, middle- and upper-class
Americans. They remained practically unknown to large segments of American
society, including most blacksand the millions of poor, white rural Amer
Loop It: 90s Hip-Hop
What do you hear in this: Biz Markie, Alone Again
from this: Gilbert OSullivan, Alone Again (Naturally)
And, how is Bizs song different as well?
Mixed and sampled recordings as basis for musical tracks
During the 1980s,
British Band, formed in mid-80s
o Thom Yorke: Vocals, guitar, piano
o Jonny Greenwood: Lead guitar, keyboards
o Ed OBrien: Guitar, backup vocals
o Colin Greenwood: Bass
o Phil Selway: Drums
Pablo Honey (1992) Creep
Nine Inch Nails
Writes and records music himself
Influences found in British bands of the mid 1970s, early 80s
o Throbbing Gristle
o Cabaret Voltaire
Style often called industrial
o Rhythmic grooves sound like theyre made by large factory
Daft Punk, Get Lucky
Is this your favorite song, or your very favorite song? Discuss!
o Soul Train: WCIU-TV in Chicago, August 1970 / National Syndication,
o AKA: Black American Bandstand
Early: Soul, R&B, Funk
Music Industry in the Early 1970s
o RCA, CBS, Capitol-EMI, Warner Communications
o Larger corporations bought smaller labels: big vs. small labels less significant
o AM/FM & FCC
o Free form radio: Place to experiment with rock
70s Black Pop
Temptations Papa Was a Rolling Stone
Stevie Wonder Living for the City
o Stax Records
Isaac Hayes Theme to Shaf
Wattstax: Stax artists for Watts neighborhood of L.A.
o James Brown Super Bad
o Funk: George Cl
Whats with the hair?
Is part of rocks appeal is that it, in some
manner, subverts traditional gender roles?
How so, or why not?
o Metal into the 1980s
o Precursors: Iron Butterfly, Black
Sabbath, Led Zeppelin
o 70s Glam & Spectacle: Alice
Big Band & Swing
Big Band era: ~1935-1945
Evolved from music & dance of late 1920s-1930s: Savoy Ballroom, NYC
Examples: Dancing the lindy hop
Developments in dance -> Developments in music (Howard Spring)
Influences: Blues + Psychedelia
Power Chord: Removal of 3rd in chord, distortion
1. Black Sabbath Ironman
2. Deep Purple Smoke on the Water
o Eight number one albums in the UK, six in U.S.
o Resisted releasing singles,
Other Space British Invaders: Rolling Stones
Stones as Anti-Beatles: Sensual, dangerous, rude
o Beatles-like: Gerry and the Pacemakers, Dave Clark Five
o Stones-like: The Yardbirds, The Animals
The Beatles rebelliousness was playful, not menacing. (Ed f
Hillbilly Records & Cowboy
Music: Country & Western
Music in early 20th century
What does this photo say about country
music? And what if hes singing this?
Country entertainers [are] torn between tradition and modernity. They [are] loyal to
their own comm