Social Psychology The study of how peoples thoughts, feelings, and actions are affected by others.
Although the findings of many social psychology experiments paint a dark picture of human nature, the
Skinner believed that external influence shapes behavior and not internal thought.
Which was an opposite approach towards the study of behavior compared to
Pavlov and Watson.
Critics of Skinner's principles believed his approach dehuman
Dreams and Meditation
Here are some issues of debate in regards to dreams:
Meaningless versus meaningful - Some people believe that dreams have important meaning, others believe dreams
represent random firing of the b
Psychology Midterm Review
1. What is the evolutionary psychology perspective? How can it explain mate selection in
The evolutionary psychology perspective promotes that the human mind and behavior us guided
by natural and sexual selection and in t
Pain of Being Shut Out Outline
Sometimes our need of belonging is denied.
a. Unfriended on social media
b. Ignored in chat room
c. Unanswered email/text
d. Silent treatment, avoided you, looked away, or shut you in some other way.
Presentation #2 Outline (Chap.9)
Benefits of Belonging
a. Survival was supported by cooperation:
i. Our ancestors were physically weak, so hunting and gathering in
groups was very helpful.
1. Hunters realized that hunting for animals with 8 hands was
Learning - A relatively permanent change in behavior that is brought about by experience. The study of learning
falls clearly within the Behavioral perspective.
Behaviorism generally ignored internal states like thin
Sensation and Perception
The constructed nature of reality We manufacture a sense of seamless, coherent reality from
very complex, disorganized sensory data.
Example #1: The blindspot. There is an area in the retina of each eye which
Figure 1. Piagets Theory of Cognitive Development
Sensorimotor stage: (Birth to 2) Children this age experience the world through movement and senses (use five
senses to explore the world). These child
Evolution and Mate Selection
Evolutionary psychology promotes the idea that human mind and behavior is guided by processes which
have been selected by evolutionary forces.
Charles Darwin (180
Introduction to Psychology
Eight Major Perspectives in Psychology Today
For the purpose of this class, psychology can be defined as the science of behavior and mental processes.
Your textbook presents the idea that there are
The neuron is the cell that is the basic building block of the nervous system. The billions of neurons, or nerve
cells, which underlie all the activity of the nervous system form a communication network
Attachment, Love, Sex, and Marriage
John Bowlby (1907 1990) A British psychoanalyst who is the originator of the field of attachment theory.
Attachment - A lasting psychological connectedness between human beings.
Thinking, Language, and Intelligence
Confirmation bias is the tendency to search for information that supports our preconceptions and to ignore or
distort evidence that contradicts them.
Availability heuristic Judgin
Sensory memory The initial, momentary storage of information, lasting only an instant. Visual input lasts a
few tenths of a second. Auditory memory lasts 3-4 seconds.
Short term memory Memory that holds info
Personality The pattern of enduring characteristics that produce consistency and individuality in a person.
The psychodynamic approach assumes the importance of the unconscious mind. Human b
Evolution and Mate Selection
Charles Darwin (1809 1882) was and English naturalist and geologist. His landmark book, The Origin
of the Species (1859), promoted the theory of evolution.
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