Free Energy (keelfmol)
Reaction progress -
Use the reaction energy diagram above to answer the following questions.
Calculate the activation energy, M] t , for the step B to A. I" kcalfmol 1/
Calculate the overall energyr change. .50. for the process
Nucleophile: From the Greek meaning nucleus loving. A
molecule or ion that donates a pair of electrons to
another atom or ion to form a new covalent bond; a
Structure of Alcohols
The functional group of an alcohol is an -OH
group bonded to an sp3 hybridized carbon.
Bond angles about the hydroxyl oxygen atom are
approximately 109.5 (Figure 10.1).
Oxygen is sp3 hybridized.
Two sp3 hybrid
CHM 241, Organic Chem 1, Test #1, Fall 08 , Holroyd
Identify the choice thdt best completes the statement or answers the question.
What is the ground-state electronic conﬁguration of a nitrogen atom (nitrogen: atomi
Class: ‘ Date:
CHM 241 Organic Chemistry I, Spring 2009, TEST #1
Identijjz the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
How many electrons can the shell with a principal quantum number of 2 hold?
IR Spectroscopy Tutorial: How to analyze IR spectra
If you have followed this tutorial group-by-group, you will realize that in even rather simple, monofunctional molecules there are so many IR bands that it is not feasible to assign every band in an IR
Theory and Interpretation of
Introduction to technique 25 (p. 833-834 in
Uses of the Infrared Spectrum (p. 847-853)
Look over pages 853-866 after viewing this
presentation for additi
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Name: Class: Date: ID: A
Dr. Maaref, Organic Chemistry Practice Test I
1. What is the ground—state Electronic conﬁguration of a ﬂuorine atom (ﬂuorine: atomic number 9)?
2. Which of the following compounds is an alde
Name: Class: ‘ Date: ID: A
Dr. Maaref, IPractice Test IV /0; I i; i
Identiﬁ) the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
I. What is the IUPAC name ofthe following 2. What is the IUPAC name of the following
Name: - C7355: Date: ' n}; A l
Dr. Maaref Practice Test 111 I
Multiple Cheice ‘ I
[dearij the choice (ha: best complete: #12 Statemen.’ or answers the question. .
I. How many aikynes am there with the molecular J
formula came? / i
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Name: Class: Date: 1]): A
Dr. Maaref, CHM 241 Practice Test II
[dent‘ij the choice that best completes the statement or answer-.5 Ike question.
1. The [3Ka of acetic acid, CH3COOH, is 4.76. What is the value ofthc equilibrium constant
Electromagnetic radiation: Light and other forms of
Wavelength (): The distance between consecutive
peaks on a wave.
Frequency (): The number of full cycles of a wave that
Reaction progress -
aGt for a step in a reaction is equal
to the difference in energy between
the reactant and the transition state
for that step. The activation energy
is always positive.
Click on all of the atoms that make up the largest coplanar unit in the molecule below.
Double bonds between carbons and other elements in the first roul-r of the periodic table can be modeled as a
combination of one sigma plus one pi bond. The pi bond re
Isomers: Different compounds with the same
Constitutional isomers: Isomers with a different
connectivity of their atoms.
Stereoisomers: Isomers with the same connectivity but
Unsaturated hydrocarbon: Contains one or more
Alkene: Contains a carbon-carbon double bond and has
the general formula CnH2n.
Alkyne: Contains a carbon-carbon triple bond and has
the general fo
IUPAC: use the infix -yn- to show the presence of a
carbon-carbon triple bond.
Common names: prefix the substituents on the triple
bond to the word acetylene.
ETHERS, SULFIDES, AND
The functional group of an ether is an oxygen atom
bonded to two carbon atoms.
In dialkylethers, oxygen is sp3 hybridized with bond angles of
Figure 11.1 In dimethyl ether, the si
Partial Final Exam
TCC, Virginia Beach Campus
Name: _ Date: _
Read each section carefully before starting the exam.
Please use blue or black ink to answer the question.
_ / 5.5