F1Fo ATP Synthase
ADP + Pi
ADP + Pi
+ + +
ATP synthesis with pH &
ATPase with H+ gradient dissipated
F1Fo ATP Synthase of mitochondria, chloroplasts, bacteria:
Fatty Acid Oxidation
fatty acid with a cis-9
A 16-C fatty acid with numbering conventions is shown.
Most naturally occurring fatty acids have an even number
of carbon atoms.
The pathway for catabolism of fatty acids is referred t
is kept low by
pumps in plasma
Two main families of microtubule motor proteins carry
out ATP-dependent movement along microtubules:
1. Kinesins are a large family of motor proteins, most
of which walk along microtubules toward the plus
end, away from the centrosome (
An -tubulin heterodimer
is the basic structural unit of
The heterodimer does not come
apart, once formed.
The & tubulins, each about 55 kDa, are homologous
but not identical. Each has a nucleotide bin
Voltage-gated K+ channels mediate outward K+ currents
during nerve action potentials.
Important advances in understanding have come from:
* physiological studies, including the use of patch
* mutational studies of the Drosophila volta
Photosynthesis: Calvin Cycle
takes place in
It includes light
reactions that are
energized by light.
Light reactions: Energy
Free energy of a reaction
The free energy change (G) of a reaction determines
its spontaneity. A reaction is spontaneous if Gis
negative (if the free energy of products is less than that
For a reaction A + B C + D
Molecular Biochemistry II
Essential details of protein synthesis are covered in
many courses & are presented in the textbook.
The focus here will be on protein factors involved in
initiation, elongation, & termination of protein synthesi
Biochemistry of Metabolism
Digitally signed by Rohit Jhawer
DN: cn=Rohit Jhawer, c=IN, email=rohit.
Reason: I have reviewed this document
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This discussion will focus on sele
fox52933_ch12.qxd 9/7/04 12:26 PM Page 338
Mechanisms of Contraction
and Neural Control
Chapter at a Glance
After studying this chapter, you should be able to . . .
1. describe the gross and microscopic structure of skeletal
Chapter 17: Electron Transport and Oxidative
The complete oxidation of glucose by molecular oxygen is:
C6H12O6 + 6O2 6CO2 + 6H2O
G = -2823 kJ/mol
- This equation is broken down into two half-reactions.
New Development Bank
G-8 Nations Crisis
G - 20 Nations
United Nations: The United Nations Organisation is an association of states which have pledged
IRMA/TISS GK QUESTION BANK 2014
How Not to Make Money, a book which narrates
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(a) Gulab Kothari (b) Raj Kundra
(c) Chetan Bhagat (d) Bimal Jalan
Which of the following or
Stock market investing
ADMIT CARD / HALL TICKET
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NCDEX is a professionally managed on-line multi commodity
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Promoter shareholders: Life Insurance Corporation of India
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BANKING & ITS TYPES
A bank is an institution which deals with money & credit .Origin of the word bank belongs to the
word Banchi or Greek word banque which means joint fund.
Definition of Bank
An institution whose debts are widely accepted in settlem
VARIOUS COMMITTEES ON
BANKING IN INDIA
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Central Banking Functions and Agr Finance
Agr Finance & Coop Societies
Agr Finance &
Cat Idioms for Verbal Ability
Food idioms idiom
Apple of one's eye
A person that is adored by someone
Baby Jessica is the apple of her father's eye.
(Have a) bun in the oven
I don't think Jan will come to the bar bec
1. Why do you want to join banking sector?
Banking is one of the fastest growing sectors in India with more stable and high
growth and more over providing wide range of career opportunities for graduates.
So I want to take an opportunity to join in a bank
This E-Book contains basics of Computer Networks for
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Engistan.com [Digital Electronics for IBPS IT-Officer 2014]
Digital circuit: Circuit in which the signal used can have fixed number of discrete states. It
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This section will provide a basic understanding of PL/SQL. This document will briefly cover the main concepts behind
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Sentence Correction Guide
Joern Meissner, PhD (Columbia Business School)
Tracy C. Yun, MBA (Columbia Business School)
GMAT and GMAT CAT are registered trademarks of the
Graduate Management Admission Council (