Exam #4 Study Guide
Chapter 20- Blood Vessels and Hemodynamics
Control of blood pressure and flow: Endocrine vs. ANS v.s. Auto-regulation
(feeds into medulla; sends
out effector) HR, SV;
Exam #3 Study Guide
The Circulatory System: Blood
Function of circulatory system:
Transport, protection, regulation.
-lack many organelles
-transports O2, CO2, and H+ ions
A&P 262 Final Study Guide
Chapter 14- The Brain and Cranial Nerves
Areas of the brain and general function:
1. Pons (bridge)
a. Cerebellar peduncles; middle; connect cerebellum to the pons and the midbrain
b. Anterior dominated by tracts of wh
1. What is the difference between nucleotides and nucleic acid?
a. Nucleotides make up nucleic acids.
2. What is the basic structure of a nucleotide?
a. Phosphate group + nitrogen base + 5 cyclic ring sugar
3. What is the function of a nucleotid
Histology: The study of tissues
1. Define cells, tissues, and organs.
a. Cell: basic unit of life
b. Tissue: a mass of similar cells and cell products that arise from the same
region and perform a particular function
c. Organs: a structure comp
1. What is the integumentary system?
a. The largest organ in the body that is consisted of the skin, hair, nails, and
2. What are the functions of the integumentary system?
a. Resist trauma
a.i. Tougher than underlying tissue
1. What is the skeletal system?
a. The entire framework of bones and their cartilages
2. What tissues are bones composed of?
a. Osseous tissue
c. Dense connective tissue
e. Blood-forming tissue
f. Adipose tissue
Chapter 9 and 10
The study of body movement
What are the types of joints?
Synostosis or Boney: Fusion of two or more bones
Sternum, coccyx, sacrum
Fibrous joints or synarthrosis
Very little or no movement; appear to be fused
Muscles and Joints
What is carpal tunnel?
It is a tunnel of tendons and tissues in the wrist
Made up of:
Flexor digitorum profundus tendons
Flexor digitorum superficialis tendons
covers carpal tunnel
These tendons and tissu