Knowledge of physiology of pain
Identify the components of performing a pain assessment
Possess knowledge of nursing diagnoses for pain
Demonstrate knowledge of nursing interventions and assessing these interventions
The Nursing Process
A systematic, client centered, method of providing nursing
care. It provides a framework for planning and
implementing nursing care.
A dynamic, continuous process, involving scientific reasoning
Used to identify, diagnose
Learning objectives for Final Exam
Discuss elements of a therapeutic health care environment. HEALTH CARE DELIVERY
Discuss care of patients in the presence of a fire.
Explore nursing interventions to help
Indiana State University College of Nursing
abdomen or abdominal
admitted or admission
activities of daily living
Definition of Terms
1. Infection-invasion of the body by microorganisms.
2. Pathogen-microorganisms capable of producing disease.
3. Virulence-the ability of microorganisms to produce disease.
4. Communicable disease-when an infectious a
Heat and Cold Therapy
Bodys Response to Heat & Cold
The cortex becomes aware of the change in temperature.
The adaptation that occurs is either vasoconstriction or vasodilation
Effects of Local Application of Heat
Increased blood flow
Heat and Cold Therapy
Dry Heat Applications:
Less risk of burns to skin
Less likely to cause skin maceration
Increased body fluid loss
Lack of deep tissue penetration
Increased drying of the skin
Introduction to Skin Care Part 1
The skin is the largest organ in the body.
As nurses, it is our responsibility to either:
Maintain skin integrity or
Promote wound healing
Skin Changes with Aging
1. Reduced skin elasticity
2. Decreased collagen
Introduction to Skin Care Part 2
What Contributes to Pressure Ulcer Development?
If a vessel is occluded, tissue ischemia will occur.
If the client cannot relieve the pressure, cells can die.
If pressure is relieved, bl
Sleep- readily reversible state of altered consciousness in which awareness and
responsiveness to the environment are decreased
1/3 of life spent sleeping
Biological sleep clock- circadian rhythm
8 hours of sleep ty
Safe Patient Handling and Movement Part 2
Nursing Interventions for Altered Mobility
Transferring from one surface to another
While immobility can be harmful to the client, it can also be harmful to the caregiv
Safe Patient Handling and Movement Part 1
Benefits of Mobility
Strengthens cardiac muscle
Increases cardiac output
Decreases resting heart rate
Improves venous return
Maintains & improves muscle tone and strength
Learning objectives for Final Exam 209
Describe the domains of learning.
Discuss the three levels of health care.
Describe environmental hazards that pose risks to a persons safety.
Describe nursing interventions specific to a patients age for red