H2S CORROSION METAL LOSS
Formation of a thin protective FeS surface film often
means general corrosion rates are low on steels
Main risk is localised pitting corrosion where film is
Pitting will be galvanically driven
WET H2S COR
Relatively new discipline in oil & gas industry.
Guarantee of flow
Successful & economical way of transporting of
gas flow from reservoir to point of sale.
It involves network modeling, multiphase
APPLICATIONS OF NATURAL GAS
Natural gas Production, Transmission &
TYPES OF NATURAL GAS PIPELINES
Purpose: Flow lines connect to a single wellhead in a producing field.
Flow lines move natural gas from the wellhead
Two of the most important areas of management responsibilities are:
Capital Budgeting and
A business plan must be developed before any funds are sought for a
new product or venture.
The capital budgeting function may be divided in
What is Engineering Economy?
Economic decision making for engineering systems is called engineering
economy. This definition may seem restricted to engineering projects and
systems only, engineering economy however is also the stud
RATIO - BASICS
Gross profit = Sales Cost of goods sold
Operating profit = GP Operating Expenses
= Profit after operating expenses but before Interest and tax.
Operating Expenses = Administration Expenses + Selling and distribution expenses,
Calculate and interpret the debtto-assets, asset turnover,
and net profit margin ratios.
A Basic Business Model
Most businesses can be broken down into 4 elements:
(1) Obtain financing from lenders and investors, which is used to
The main calculations are performed using the spreadsheet for annual
total product cost at 100% capacity, Annual TPC, from the book’s web site.
Because some of the terms in the sum for TPC depend upon TPC, a key
to the solution is expressing
A general knowledge of accounting allows the engineer to communicate
with accountants, financial personnel, and managers.
Accounting systems have as input business transactions in the form of
receipts and invoices.
These events are en
The cost of the crated, fabricated equipment
loaded onto a carrier at the location of
fabrication (or another specified location).
The acronym FOB stands for free-on-board,
meaning the equipment has been pla
City gas distribution is an interconnected
network of pipelines used for the distribution of
gas to domestic / commercial/ industrial
It is in the form of PNG (low pressure
distribution network) and to the automobiles in
Comparison of equation
General Flow Equation
Panhandle A Equation
Panhandle B Equation
a pipeline 100 mi long, NPS 16 with 0.250 in.
wall thickness, operating at a flow rate of 100
MMSCFD. The gas flowing temperature is
1. Artificial lift selection design, installation, maintenance and optimal operation
2. Conceptual design of oil and gas processing
3. Well construction and completion
4. Corrosion monitoring
5. Dehydration system operation and maintenance
6. Effluent tre
Types of storage tanks
Tanks are classified based on their roof design. Normally, atmospheric tanks are of
fixed roof or cone roof or floating roof or fixed cum floating roof (with or without
Nitrogen blanketing) type tanks and low pressure Nitrogen blank
SWOT analysis stands for the Strength Weakness Opportunity Threat. These factors are the four
which are of utmost importance in the analysis of particular field
ORGANIZATION IN BUSINESS
Faculty of Management
Historical Gross Roots
What is Business?
What is Organization?
Pre Civilization Era
Post Civilization Era
Meaning of a Company
Types of Companies
- Dr. ALRAO
Faculty of CoMES
MEANING OF A COMPANY
Indian Companies Act, 2013 defines
company as an association of persons
formed for certain objective or purpose.
As per the Act Company
Format No. QSP/7.1/01.F01(A)
Issue No.04 Rev. No 4 Dated: June 7, 2014
UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM & ENERGY STUDIES
College of Management and Economic Studies
Industrial Management and Theory
Resistance to corrosion
Fatigue life : Fatigue is the progressive and
localized structural damage that occurs when
a material is subjected to cyclic loading.
High temperature, Pres
Fastest growing market
53% Coal, 29% oil, Natural Gas (10%)
Global average consumption is 25%
Sixth largest energy importer
77 Geographical area covers CGD
15 lakhs household, 12lakh CNG vehicals
Metering of Gas
From reservoir to point of selling
Volumetric flow rate in standard cubic feet.
Difficult variable to measure
Measured by indirect means
Pressure Differential devic
City Gas Distribution (CGD)
Introduction to usage Gas & city gas distribution
(CGD), City Gas Segments-Domestic, Commercial,
Industrial & CNG.
Gas Flow in Pipelines At High , Medium and Low
Fluid Dynamics & Thermodynamics, Gas
How to Calculate the
Breakeven Cost of Global
Oil & Gas Production
Evaluate Energy’s methodology for estimating the "Full Cycle”
cost of oil and gas production and development What dc} we mean |:u-'-,.-r the “Break-aver-
cms-t call" a” and gas”?