Le Comparatif des Adverbes Notes
To make comparisons with adverbs, the French use the expressions plus (more), moins
(less), and aussi (as).
All comparisons may be followed by que (than, as) and a second term of comparison.
When a personal pronoun is requ
Les Sons (i) et (j) Notes
Two relatd sounds in French are the pure vowel sound (i) (as in the English word
teeth) and the sei-consonatn/semi-vowel (j) (as in the English word yes).
Il, ici, riz, pizza, politique, aspirine
Suis, fruit, dupuis, truite, cond
Should be able to use one past tense, the passe compose, to relate what happened in
The imperfect (limparfait) is a past tense used to describe conditions and feelings and
to express habitual actions.
Imparfait Notes Cont Part 5
Infinitive: valoir meiux
Present: il vaut mieux
Imperfect: il valait mieux
It was better
Etre is the only verb that has an irregular stem: et-.
The endings are regular.
Nous etions desoles
This chapter explained the differences in personal space and privacy between
French and American culture. Both have different levels of comfort when it comes to
common courtesy. Nadeau and B
Le Mariage en France Notes
In order to be legally married in France, all couples are wed in a civil ceremondy
at the rown hall (la mairie).
The mayor (le maire), or the mayors representative, performs the ceremony and
the couples express their consent by
Imparfait Notes Cont Part 4
Present: il neige
Imperfect: il neigeait
It was snowing
Present: il pleut
Imperfect: il pleuvait
It was raining.
Present: il faut
Ne . . . Que Notes
Sylvie na que 18 ans: Sylvie is only eighteen
Ses parents nont quune fille: Her parents have only one daughter
Il ny a que trois personnes dans la famille: There are only three people in the family
Ne . . . que, a synonym of seulement,
Imparfait Notes Cont. Part 2
Used in expressing habitual actions
Nous regardions des dessins anime le samedi: We used to watch cartoons on
A cette epoque, Marie sortait avec Paul: Back then, Marie used to go out with
But: Nous avons regarde
Les Consonnes Finales Notes
A final (written) consonant is normally not pronounced in French
There are some words whose final consonant is always pronounced (many
words ending in c, f, l, or r, for instance).
When a consonant is followed by e within the s
LAlphabet Francais Notes
English and French share the same 26-letter Latin alphabet and, although this is
useful, it is also potentially troublesome.
First, French and English cognates may not be spelled the same.
French spellings must, therefore, be memo
Les Verbes En er Notes
All verb infinitives are made up of a stem and an ending.
To use verbs in the present tense, one removes the ending from the infinitive and
adds new endings to the resulting stem.
Verbs that use the same endings are often classified
Laccent et le rythme
Even more important than mastering any particular sound is the development of correct
habits to thre
Les Verbes En er Cont. Part 3
Before a vowel sound, the final n of on and the final s of nous, vous, ils, and
ells are pronounced and linked to the next word.
Vous (z)habitez ici?: Do you live here?
Chanter (une chanson): to sing (a song)
Il Y A Un Geste Notes
The French often raise the index finger and move it from side to side to
They also may indicate no by raising a hand, palm outward, or by shaking
their heads as do English speakers.
In France, however, the li
In this chapter, Nadeau and Barlow demonstrate how important agriculture is in France.
They remember a McDonalds opening up along the countryside. It was crowded with cars and
people trying to get inside. Then they noticed a group
Buts Communicatifs Notes
It is very important to try to tailor your language to fit the situation.
For example, with a friend or another student, you would normally ask, Ca va? Or
Comment ca va?
For someone whom you address as Monsieur, Madame, or Madamoi
Les Verbes En er Notes Cont.
Whether you are talking to a friend (tu), or about yourself (je), or about one or
more other persons (il, elle, ils, ells), the verb is pronounced the same because the
endings are silent.
Est-ce que tu patines bien?: Do you sk
Dire Merci Notes
The word merci is, of course, one of the best ways of conveying politeness, and
its use is, by all means, to be encouraged.
Its usage, however, differs from that of English in at least one important way:
when one is offered something to e