DATE: _Due: 6/14/16 _
Homework: Neurology, Endocrinology, Immunology
Which of the following is a risk factor for stroke?
b. Premature atrial contractions
First-degree heart block
d. Sinus arrhythmia
Which of the fol
Class: Sedative / Hypnotic
MOA: Ultra-short acting, sedative/hypnotic effect, provides a rapid induction of
anesthesia with minimal respiratory cardiovascular effects. Etomidate does not
cause a histamine release.
Indications: Induction agent for rapid-se
Class: Sympathetic Blocker
MOA: Alpha blockade, and Beta blockade
Indications: Alone or in combination with other drugs to control hypertension and
Contraindications: Cardiogenic shock, cardiac failure, bradycardia, bronchial ast
MOA: Increases cardiac contractility, is also an antidote for magnesium sulfate
and can minimize some of the side effects of calcium channel blocker usage.
Indications: Acute hyperkalemia (elevated potassium), acute hypocalcemia
MOA: Acts almost exclusively on B-receptors primarily acts within the heart and
lungs. (Seldom used anymore)
Indications: Denervated hearts (transplants) and beta-blocker overdoses.
High-degree heart blocks (Morbitz II and 3rd-degre
MOA: Suppresses ventricular ectopy. Also used if lidocaine has not suppressed
life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias. Reduces the automaticity of the various
pacemaker sites. Slows intraventricular conduction.
Indications: Life th
MOA: Increase VFib threshold or decrease ventricular irritability.
Indications: Ventricular tachycardia and V-fib refractory to amiodarone.
Contraindications: 2nd degree Morbitz II, 3rd degree blocks, Stokres-Adams syndrome,
MOA: Inhibits normal blood clotting by enhancing antithrombin III
Indications: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) to inhibit clot formation. To prevent
pulmonary embolism and DVT in predisposed patients.
Contraindications: Allergy to pork
MOA: Stimulates alpha and beta receptors within the sympathetic nervous
system. Relaxes smooth muscle of bronchi and iris, and is an antagonist of
Indications: Anaphylaxis, Acute Allergic Reactions, Asthma, Shock, Cardiac
Class: Tranquilizer / Benzodiazepine
MOA: Binds to benozodiazepine receptors. Decreased agitation, relaxation of skeletal
muscles, and in high doses sleep.
Indications: Seizures. Premedication for synchronized cardioversion/TCP. One of the
MOA: Anti-Inflammatory. Suppresses immune response (especially in allergic
and anaphylactic reactions.
Indications: Severe anaphylaxis, asthma, COPD, and urticarial.
Contraindications: None in the emergency setting.
Drug Interactions: None
MOA: For relief/management of moderate to severe pain from burns chest pain,
crush injuries, amputations, fractures, dislocations, and tension pneumothorax ;
adjunct in RSI intubation
Indications: Pain Control, 2nd drug choice for chest pa
Class: Antidysrhythmic (V)
MOA: Slows SVT, decreasing the electrical activity by interrupting the reentry
pathways through the AV node.
Indications: Narrow, complex SVT refractory to vagal maneuvers.
Contraindications: 2nd- and 3rd- degree heart block, si
MOA: Relaxes smooth muscles causing venous dilation. Reduces preload and afterload
to the heart. Dilates the coronary arteries resulting in increased perfusion of the
Indications: Chest pain of cardiac origin. Acute pulmonar
MOA: Used in respiratory emergencies. Causes bronchodilation and dries
respiratory tract secretions.
Indications: Bronchial asthma and reversible bronchospasm associated with
Contraindications: Should not be used for the
Class: Artificial Colloid
MOA: Plasma volume expander
Hypovolemic states and septic shock.
Few in life threatening conditions.
Drug Interactions: (5) N/A
Dose: Do not exceed 2500mL in 24 hrs. Titrate to effect. Ro
Class: Hormone (antihypoglycemic)
MOA: Raises glucose level by using the glycogen in the liver for glucose.
Stimulating glucose synthesis.
Indications: Altered level of consciousness when hypoglycemia is
suspected. May be used as an inotrophic agent in a
Class: (10) Sympathomimetic
MOA: Increases the force of the systolic contraction.
Indications: Short term management of CHF when an increase in cardiac output
without an increase in cardiac rate is desired.
Contraindications: Not to be used as sole agent
Indications: Bronchial asthma, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, allergic
bronchospasm, or other reversible bronchospasm
Contraindications: Symptomatic tachycardia
Drug Interactions: Possibility of unpleasant side