Necessary and Sufficient Conditions Notes
A definition of a word states the meaning of a word in other words; this should give us the ability to
substitute the definiendum (word being defined) with the difiniens (the defining words) in a sentence
Knowledge and Skepticism Notes
Skepticism Not believing things too easilyis that right? or how do we know that?
We are often told to be skeptical, but not how skeptical? How good of answers do we need?
Limited/local skepticism questions whether we have we
Situational Ethics Notes
An action is good or bad depending on the context of which it is performed
Cultural Relativism action is good or bad depending if ones culture says its bad or good; there is no
standard for what is right and wrong independent from
A cosmological argument is one that argues that there
must be a God to explain the existence of the universe.
There are different forms of the argument depending on
what is to be explained and why that can only be
explained by G
Socrates, Meno, and Definitions Notes
Socratic Method You think you know something and then realize that you never understood it to begin
with; end goal is to realize ones ignorance so that one can start building up ones knowledge in a less
The best thing for you is to be able to be unjust to people, while not having anyone be unjust to you.
The worst thing for you is to suffer injustice while not being able to inflict injustice on anyone else
The badness of the latter much
Utilitarianism, Deontology, and Virtue Ethics Notes
Normative Ethics tries to give systematic answers to how we should generally decide what to do; we
take an abstracted principle and find a solution to that principle and then apply it to the more difficu
Absurdity and the Meaning of Life Notes
What is the meaning of life?
Many people want to believe that their lives, at least if lived a certain way, can be serious or significant
or important in a way that goes beyond the significance we give to things