CHAPTER 10: HUMAN DEVELOPMENT ACROSS THE LIFE SPAN
10.1 PROGRESS BEFORE BIRTH: PRENTAL DEVELOPMENT
The prenatal period extends from conception to birth, usually encompassing 9 months
o Significant dev. Occurs before birth
An explanation of how you would initially teach the concept of probability to one of the age
groups, listed below, in a way they would understand. In other words, describe how you would
initially present and explain the concept in order to create backg
Qualities for Becoming An
Self-awareness (know your own issues)
Awareness of non-verbal communication
Introduction to Counseling
L A U R E N G I L B E R T, L C P C
A D A P T E D F R O M : C H R I S TA S C H M I D T, P H . D .
PSYC 607- COUNSELING THEORIES
Developing Your Theoretical Orientation
Learn about a lot of different theories
Simple Linear Regression
How many hours did you
sleep last night?
How many days per week do
How many hours did
How many days pe
Mean Time (rank) for Water Maze
Mean Time (in rank)
Task Before Maze
Mean Level of Pain by Condition
Have you ever tried
How many US states
have you visited?
Height (in inches)
LOGIC AND OUTLINE OF A RESEARCH ARTICLE
Specific research question
What do we already know?
What do we still need to know?
How does this present work add
Advanced Design 2 Rules For Generating Sums of Squares.
Summation notation specifies the sequence of additions that are used when computing
sums of squares in Analysis of Variance calculations. Different books and authors have
their own schemas for comput
1. Selection: can happen automatically and can be something that is
learned or developmental.
2. Organization: Some of it happens automatically and some is
learned. We organize the info coming in and depends on our long
term memory f
History of Psych:
Psychoanalytic Theory (Freud)
focused on abnormal behavior
emphasis on how unconscious processes/conflicts influence behavior and disrupt normal
Development Across the Lifespan
Infancy + Childhood
growth in thinking, including reasoning, problem solving abilities, etc.
Children actively explore their environments
driving force behind intellectual pr
Chapter 6 Outline - LEARNING
Learning: when experience produces a long term change in behavior
or mental processes
Habituation: learning NOT to respond or consciously notice certain stimuli over a period of
time; getting used to
Acquisition: initial learn
Characteristic patterns of thinking, feeling, & behaving
Consistent tendencies, present across a variety of contexts
Distinctive set of traits
> Personality Traits
A trait is a stable personality characteristic
Traits will clu
Chapter 4 Outline - SENSATION &
Sensation - the process when a stimulated receptor sends out a neural
message that the brain interprets (like light, sound, taste, etc.)
> Transduction - transformation of one form of energy to a new one. ex.
Def: The system by which we retain info & bring it to mind
the process of acquiring info & transferring it into memory
Attention is essential for encoding.
Trying things like multitasking involves switching attention
Attributions: Self/Others Behavior
> Are we more often biased or accurate?
Self serving bias
Take personal credit (internal) for success
But blame situational (external) causes for
Fundamental Attribution error (FAE)
Chapter 5 - Conciousness
William James - "flowing stream of conciousness carries ever-changing
sensations, perceptions, thoughts, memories, feelings, motives, and
Conciousness - awareness of our world & our own mental
> restricts attent
Chapter 4: Brain and Nervous System
The Nervous System: A Basic Blueprint
Gathers and processes information, produce responses to stimuli and coordinate the
workings of different cells
Central Nervous System:
Collection of neurons
- WEDNESDAY THE 10th 4:30-6:00 REVIEW SESSION -
Chapter 12 Psychological Disorders
Studying Psychological Disorders
Abnormal Bx: Patterns of bx, thoughts, or emotions considered pathological
Bx may be considered abnormal if it meets one or more of the fol
BIRTH ORDER & YOU
Dr. Ronald W. Richardson and Lois A. Richardson
(a division of)
International Self-Counsel Press Ltd.
International Self-Counsel Press
All rights reserved.
Why Birth Order Matters
Give me a
Chapter 6: Learning continued
Types of Reinforcers:
o Food, sex
Associated with primary
o Money, praise
Observational Learning when a person observes and imitates behavior
Chapter 4: Sensation & Perception
Sensation & Perception:
Receiving stimuli; from external environment
Connection to perception
Organize and interpret sensory info
Occurs with first time informa
Chapter 3 (cont.):
The Peripheral Nervous System (PNS):
Comprised of nerves that connect the brain and spinal cord to other parts of the
Function: to bring information to and from the brain and spinal cord.
1. Somatic conveys informati
Chapter 3 (cont.)
Nerve Cell (Neuron): process information
Afferent nerves Brain sensory; take information to the brain.
Efferent nerves Carries information from the brain to the body; motor.
Parts of the neuron:
Dendrites pick up information;
The nervous system is the bodys electrochemical communication circuitry.
o Complexity (brains ability to think), Integration (pulls information
together), Adaptability (brain changes with adaptions), and Elect
Chapter 2 (cont.)
APA (American Psychological Association) set up psychological well-being guidelines:
Informed Consent signatures required from participant in a study.
Confidentiality Ex. communications, records.
Types of Psychological Research:
A. Descriptive Research
Observation (recording only what you see)
Naturalistic watching someone in their natural state
Laboratory social desirable; controlled life variables
A lot of data