- ionic bonds -not as strong
- hydrogen bonds-least strong
-> "non-covalent forces"
H- bonds-next strongest
Vander Waal Force or
-> don't have an atom
-> mainly seen in carbon compound. ii. hexane-f-f-fifth
energy of activation d"
t. S. = transition state molecule"
taut" activation energy-gets things tots. -> state somewhere in between reactants
- energy is what makes reactions go.
Catalysts-A reaction rate but isn't changed by the reaction,
sodium acetate -ic acids-7"ate"salts
Cttzf-O' + Nat alkaline solution
CHZ that + NAOH -> CHZCOO-Nat t Hzo
conjugate acid conjugate base
The conjugate base of a weak acid is a strong base.
CH, c"-O' H+o H
Avogadro's # -> know what it is and what it means
6.021/1023 (don't need to know how to use in equation)
limited # of kinds of chemical reactions that actually occur.
Major Kinds Hypes) of chemical reactions
1- Additionlcombination AtBA
- known by the coefficients of
- ftoichiometry- cookies
ingredients = reactants
2 wps flour +4 eggs = 24 cookies
* mole ratio: 6:6:l:6 What if: lwpofftwr-12 cookies
- How many moles of Lut
Formula weight of ionic compounds
2. Molecular weight of covalent compounds
Not 23g MOH an atomic weight of an element
H=35.1 in grams
58.591mA OR.-the formula weight or molecular
weight of a compound in grams.
HKO ZH HK 2
atomic mass = based on 1 element
atomic weight: gram molecular weight
2 mdlthh 6.02 X 1023 molecules = 1.2 X 1024 molecules
lethal of ethanol
How many Hydrogen atoms are in 5.4g of Wtttteor?
1. Find number of moles of hydrogen; then convert
- Ionic compounds w/ polyatomic ions
* Quiz -> write formula t
any C0 Carbon monoxide name compound
call NHz ammonia
Oxygen" sulfur" fluorine'
Nitrogen-3 NZO Nabs Nnzfz initial ii: fiiii fit
sulfur-2 SO X SFZ
Boron Bz Oz Bzs BB
11 1 VI VI
polar covalent bonds
HI, H. -> HERE. or j.
t proton t e. % ix
rttcp. goingtoloseacidebaoy.ge ^
- greater neutron density j&I
H+0 ". ": st
- universal savant 0.- O
- Crucial for life Hi 'H H' -H
jt At H ft
line of attraction I al