1. When does Passover occur? In the spring. March or April. Supposed to occur
on first full moon of spring. Pesach: Passover in Hebrew. Pascha: Christian
Passover. All Jewish MEN are required to attend all three festivals (Passover,
How did Judaism help Jews to feel at home in the cosmos?
Holy= set apart from god. Exodus chapter 3 Moses and the burning bush. The
god is holy. Pharisees really concerned about purity laws. Essenes super super
super concerned about purity laws and eve
1. What was the purpose of a sin offering? purification offering. Required a
person who refused to come forward as a witness when he should have.
2. Why were birds substituted for quadrupeds and why was flour
substituted for birds? In case of financial ha
1. Who could enter the Holy of Holies and when? Priests on the day of
atonement. Once a year
2. Who did Herod have trained to construct the inner area of the temple
and why so? Priests for purity
3. Why was the temple considered to be holy? God was presen
According to Sanders, what is "normal" or "common" Judaism? 47-48
common- belief in one temple, house of god, most holy place in world. One godgod of Israel. Yahweh means lord. One people of god, people of Israel.
How did the location
After Herod the Greats death, who were the people that were given
authority to rule over Palestine and of what did their territories consist?
37bc Herod the great rules. 37BC-4BC is reign of Herod the great. He was
ruthless, brutal, savvy. Married 10 t
Who were the Pharisees? Scholars and scribes. Priests and non priests.
Generally are not priests. A lay movement or laity, a movement of the people.
CMOS together after war and change in priesthood. They have a lot of problems
in general with what the
587 BC- Babylon exile of the Jews
520 BC Jews free from Babylon
Goes all the way to 70/73AD when the temple was destroyed by Romans.
(66AD-73ad first Jew war against Rome)early Judaism is sub period.
BC = BCE
63 BC begins roman rule in Palestine
Who was the Seleucid leader who intensified Hellenization in Israel?
175-163BC Seleucid king by the name of Antiochus IV epiphanies (appears as
god) renamed as epimanes (crazy). Jews are Monotheist, pushed back
Hellenism. Push hellenization by making s
1. What were the responsibilities of the Levites? Assisted the priests. They
helped worshippers get their animals to the Court of Priests and perhaps it was
Levites who brought womens sacrifices from the Womens Court to the
priests. They carried in firewo