Nature & Origins of Attitudes: Definition and Three Components.
An enduring a negative _ of people.
Affect -> Emotional reaction to the person, idea or topic. (Can be intense)
This is usually what comes first when we Vote in electoral candidates
Legalism and Confucianism
Legalism and Confucianism are two of the most well-known theories
because of its huge contribution on making decision. Some of the things that it
mostly represents are the role of government in society, a
Do You Love Me Too?
Brooke A. Blomquist and Traci A. Giuliano
North American Journal of Psychology
Vol. 14, No. 2, 407-418
Type of Study: Correlational
The basic goal, or purpose, of this study is to define how women and men respond
-> This happens when there is a negative attitude based solely on group membership.
Individuality is being ignored.
Cognitive part: Stereotype -> Generalisation about a group of people in which identical
characteristics are assigned to al
-> An act performed with the goal of helping another person.
Involves risk, sacrifice, or some sort of cost. There is no external reward.
Helping others helps survival. Th
Aggression - Intentional behavior to cause harm or pain to people.
Hostile Aggression - Stems for anger and aimed at inflicting pain and injury.
Instrumental - A means to some other goal other than pain but the hurting happens as a
means of getting to the
What causes attraction?
Proximity: mere exposure effect.
We are more likely to establish new friendships to people with close proximity.
Also, the more we are exposed to someone, the more we like them.
Similarity: personality, interpersonal style, interes
Two or more people who are interdependent in some way, usually to fulfil their needs or
Why do we joining groups?
Theory evolution. We form groups to form survival.
They provide information, establish social norms and they also help to form ou
Conformity: When and why?
The change in behavior due to the real or imagined presence of others. Usually going
with the group. Takes a lot to stand alone and remain an individual.
We can to be accurate, correct, right.
We feel the need to be accurate
Maintaining a postiive slef-images
1. Cognitive DIssonance
a. Feeling of disconfort when we perform a action that does not match our a
positive self concept.This can be guilt, shame, regret.
We can change out behavior to match with our self concept,
1. The Self and Self - Knowledge: Self Concept vs. Self - Awareness. -> Self = the
knowledge of self.
a. The Great Ape -> (Self Recognition) Is able to pass the Mark Test. Putting a dot
on its face and showing their reflection on the mirror. If they have
Psychology 41 Wayne Kao, Psy.D.
Who am I? Why am I?
Nowadays, people in this world really like to explore something new. They really
like to explore to any sides of this world. Some of them even migrating between countries