Directions: The following questions are multiple choice. Select the best answer for each question and mark that selection on
the answer sheet provided. There are 40 points total for this exam. Each question is worth 1 point.
1) The 20 different amino acid
Mendel and the Gene Idea
What genetic principle accounts for parents
passing traits to offspring?
blending hypothesis- genetic material from the two
parents blends together
particulate hypothesis- parents pass on discrete
The Chromosomal Basis
All F1 plants produce
yellow-round seeds (YyRr)
More transports= more glucose
How to move h20
o Inefficient with cell membranes
Water channel (aquaporins)
o Segregate transported molecules based on size/charge
During cellular respiration:
o A glucose molecule is completely oxidized. it releases energy enough to
produce 30 molecules of ATP.
o The first phase is glycolysis occurring in cytoplasm
Glucose two pyruvates
Generates two ATP molecules
Generates two mol
Plasma membrane: a selective barrier that bounds all cells. It allows passage of
enough oxygen, nutrients, and wastes to service the cell.
Cytosol: a semifluid, jelly like substance in which subcellular components are
Chromosomes: carry genes
A cross examining two characters is called dihybrid cross. (between an individual
with orange eyes and green skin and an individual with black eyes and white
A phenotypic ratio of 9:3:3:1 in the offspring of a cross indicates that bot
Activity: four phases of the cell cycle
Sequence of stages of dividing eukaryotic cell goes from when its created to
when mitosis starts (four stages: M, G1, S, G2)
During most of the time, cell is making hormones, passing messages, growing,
or fighting i
The Cell Cycle
Cancer Cells- questions
Describe a cancer cell. Splitting or dividing
out of control
How is it similar to a normal cell?
How is it different from a normal cell?
Genomes and Chromosomes
Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles
How did you inherit traits similar to those of your
My eye color is the same as both of my parents, my
hair is a mixture of them
If you and your siblings have the same biological
Spring 2016-Block 1
Problem Set 1 (Post on Blackboard by 11pm, Friday, 12 Feb.):
1. Would we expect all organisms that have existed throughout the history of life to
be equally represented in the fossil record? Why, or
1. Which is the correct cycle for photosynthesis?
A. Water plantair
C. H2O, Lightsugarair
D. Light, CO2, H2OplantSugars
E. None of these
2. Which is NOT true about dark reactions?
A. It has to do with the Calvin Cycle
B. Takes place at night
1. What is it called when favorable and unfavorable molecules are linked together to
pass through a membrane?
A. Coupled Transport
B. Active Transport
C. Passive Transport
D. Both A and C
E. None of these
2. What kind of transport requires energy and goes
1. Which term matches its definition?
A. Isomer: Isomers that are mirror images to each other
B. Cis Isomers: Isomers that are mirror images to each other
C. Trans Isomers: Isomers that are mirror images to each other
D. Structural Isomers: Isomers that a
The less obvious you make the question / answers the more you will learn
light versus dark reaction in photosynthesis
Difference between have one versus two photosystems
C3 versus C4
BIO12 Exam 4 study guide
(This guide is a good aid for exam preparation, but it should not be considered to be a comprehensive
list of all topics/concepts that will appear on the exam.)
1. Describe the contributions of the following scientists: Gri
From Gene to Protein
A gene can be
defined as a region
The Molecular Basis of
What kind of molecule is the
genetic material made of?
? Protein, DNA, RNA, Lipids, Carbohydrates ?
Historical experiments related to the genetic material
Griffith (1928)- An unknown inherited genetic substa
JA Synthesis Part 2:
The references used within our group are similar in the way that they analyze
different active ingredients inside of sunscreens and their effectiveness in protecting
against UV radiation. Two of the articles
o Synthesis is and anabolic pathway
NADPH is a way to store energy
Dark reaction utilizes the CO2 to make sugar and water
The green cells of the plant carry out photosynthesis
bc they have t
Factors Affecting the
Metabolic Activity of Yeast
By: Riley Coy, January
Purpose: Define how yeast metabolism is
affected by different types of sugars.
Hypothesis: The type of sugar will
increase the amount of metabo
BIO12 Exam 1 study guide, Fall 2012
1. Compare and contrast prokaryotes and eukaryotes.
2. Compare and contrast plant and animal cells- structures, organelles.
3. Compare and contrast organelles and structures found in prokaryotic and eukaryotic
BIO CHAPTER 6 NOTES:
Light Microscope- Light is passed through the object being identified & then
through the glass lenses.
Magnification is the ratio of an objects image size to its actual size.
Resolution is the measure of clarity in the image. It is i
The effects of UV-B radiation on yeast strain G948-1C/U treated with Titanium dioxide
and Zinc oxide
Sarah Danelius, Jessica Thelemann, Joey King, and Ryan Hannan
Titanium Dioxide and Zinc Oxide are two main active ingredients in sunscreen, which
Cassie, Laura, Sarah Bio Lab Report
Dominance Displayed in Subordinate Males after Encountering a Female
Crickets can become highly aggressive when put in certain situations like acquiring a
mate. Male crickets tend to act out against each other