PSC370 Lecture Notes 7
o The Berlin Conference: European powers got together
and decided the boundaries of their colonies based on
who already had what.
Before this many Europeans and Americans
founded parts of Africa.
PSC370 Lecture Notes 1
Africa is a very large and diverse continent. Its a huge mosaic of diversity.
o North, East, South, Central all diverse. Thousands of languages in Africa.
o Continental perspective: we approach the continent as a whole because ther
PSC370 Lecture Notes 4
Centralized Political Systems
o Pyramidal Monarchy
o Associational Monarchy
o Centralized Monarchy
Closest to European model (specifically Italian
Western definition of a state
o King, using kingship to extend his
PSC370 Lecture Notes 3
Critiques of dependency theory: in the 80s there was huge
growth in the Asian Tigers: Singapore, South Korea, China,
o Embraced the free economy and brought in foreign
investment to become successful (countries that
PSC370 Lecture Notes 2
Trends and Patterns
o 1st wave of Independence in the 50s and 60s.
o The 2nd wave of Independence began in 1974 with former
Portuguese colonies, Zimbabwe(1980), Namibia (1990)
and South Africa (1994).
o Post-Independence gave way t
PSC370 Lecture Notes 5
Categories of Merchandise
o State necessities: essential goods for the pursuit of
power (guns, slaves, etc)
o Luxury goods: chiefs and kings wanted nice clothes,
o Southern terminals: cities on the coast of Africa.
PSC370 Lecture Notes 6
Polygyny: Husbands having multiple wives.
Patrilineal Society: pick up lineage from the father.
o Patrilocal: the women move when they get married to
their father-in-laws community.
o Matrilineal: pick up lineage from mother (Zamb
PSC370 Lecture Notes 10
Incorporation of several nations into one state (e.g.
1968 the Biafro War: people want to separate from
Nigeria and create their own state called Biafro.
Self-determination: The Biafro War created
the need for self-d
PSC370 Lecture Notes 9
Exogenous system transported to Africa from Europe. The
state is artificial, making the push for a national
identity nearly impossible. Europe formed the states
themselves without regard to various ethnic groups,
PSC370 Lecture Notes 8
Imposition of Direct Colonial Rule
o An Imperial Mindset that was prevalent in 19th century
Europe accepted the necessity of promoting Direct
Colonial Rule throughout Africa (e.g. The white mans
burden or the Mission Civilisatrice)
PSC370 Lecture Notes
The Millennium Development Goals or MDGs
o For a long time the World Bank and IMF spent money on
development. There was a sense though that what they
were doing wasnt really working. They needed to
o New approach