Chapter 10: Kant and Respect for Persons
1. Kant on Personhood
a. Kants Maxim: treat other people as an ends to themselves, and never
exclusively as a means.
b. Whats so special about people?
b.i. They have intrinsic value
Chapter 2: The Challenge of Cultural Relativism
a) Moral realism
b) Moral anti-realism
b.i) Cultural relativism
b.ii)Divine command theory
Chapter 7: The Utilitarian Approach
1) Principle of Utility: the right action maximizes utility (consequences)
a) What do we mean by good consequences?
a.i) Intrinsic good vs. Instrumental good
good-good in itself
1. Kants Human Being vs. Person argument
2. Marquis-Why Abortion is Immoral
a.i. Its wrong to kill adults because doing so deprives them of a future.
a.ii. Its wrong to kill anything else with a similar future to adults.
026:102 Intro to Ethics
Millars Models of Sex and Sexual Consent
In his article Towards a Performance Model of Sex, Thomas Millar presents two
possible models of sex: the commodity model and the perfor
1. Ethics of Right Action vs. Ethics of Virtue
a. What makes someone a good person?
b. Which character traits should someone have to be a good person?
2. Virtue ethics
a. Supplementary (Virtue Egoism, Virtue Utilitarianism)
Intro to Ethics
First Midterm Exam
Here are some things you should be able to do before taking the first midterm:
- Define/explain (in a sentence or two) the following meta-ethical positions:
Cognitivism-the belief that at least some moral statements have
Intro to Ethics
Second Midterm Study Guide
- Distinguish between Psychological Egoism and Ethical Egoism; Define and explain
Psychological Egoism-asserts that each person does in fact pursue his or her own self-interest
Identify Kants Maxim on the treatment of persons.
Treat other people only as an ends to themselves, and never exclusively as a means.
Explain why Kant thinks that humans, and not nonhuman animals, have intrinsic value
(note: to do this, youll also need to