and ask him questions about everything,
both those who are grieving for their ruler,
who's been away so long, and other men
who're happy to consume his livelihood
without paying anything. I don't like
to investigate it or ask questions,
not since the day
went out to the pig pens where the swine were held,
picked out two from there, brought them in, and killed them.
He singed and cut them up, then skewered them on spits.
Once he'd roasted them completely, he picked them up
and, without taking out the spits
shaping sandals for his feet. Three of his fellows
had gone off, herding pigs in different directions.
He'd had to send a fourth man to the city
with a boar to be butchered for the suitors,
so they could eat meat to their heart's content.
All of a sudd
Odysseus Meets Eumaeus
[Odysseus leaves the harbour and moves inland to the farm of Eumaeus,
the swineherd; Eumaeus welcomes Odysseus and prepares a meal for
him; Eumaeus talks about his absent master; Odysseus assures Eumaeus
that his maste
and took the dark hair from his head. His arms and legs
she covered with an old man's ancient flesh and dimmed
his eyes, which had been so beautiful before.
She dressed him in different clothesa ragged cloak,
a dirty tunic, ripped and disheveled, stained
who tends your pigs. He's well disposed to you
and loves your son and wise Penelope.
You'll find him keeping his swine company
where they feed by Corax Rock, near the spring
of Arethusa, drinking its dark water
and eating lots of acorns, which make pigs
Resourceful Odysseus, Laertes' son
and child of Zeus, think how your hands may catch
these shameless suitors, who for three years now
have been lording it inside your palace,
wooing your godlike wife and offering her
their marriage gifts. She longs for yo
And there is forested Mount Neriton.
As the goddess said these words, she dispersed the mist.
Once the land was visible, lord Odysseus,
who had endured so much, overjoyed to see it,
kissed the fertile ground. Then, stretching out his arms
your words encouraged me, and you yourself
led me into their city. Now I beg you,
in your father's name, for I don't believe
I've come back to sunny Ithaca. No.
I'm footloose in some other country,
and you're attempting to confuse my mind.
So tell me trul
may Zeus and other gods who live forever
give you what you truly wantyou've welcomed me
with such an open heart.
Then, swineherd Eumaeus,
you answered him and said:
It would be wrong,
stranger, for me to disrespect a guest,
even if one wors
as many flocks of sheep and droves of pigs
and wide-ranging herds of goats, all of these
tended by foreign herdsmen or his own.
And here, on the edges of this island,
graze wandering herds of goats, eleven in all,
with loyal servants keeping watch on them
have no desire to speak the truththey lie.
Whoever moves around and reaches here,
this land of Ithaca, goes to my mistress
with some made-up tale. She receives him well,
with hospitality, and questions him
about each detail. Then she starts to grieve,
about Odysseus. For king Pheidon said
he'd welcomed him with entertainments,
as he was returning to his native land.
He showed me what Odysseus had gathered,
all the bronze and gold and well-worked iron,
so many riches stored in Pheidon's home,
beside the sea. But the gods themselves
with ease untied my bonds, and so I wrapped
my rags around my head and slipped away
down a smooth plank, chest first into the sea.
Then with both arms I paddled and swam off.
I left the water far away from them
he put me on a sea-going ship to Libya,
making up a story for me of some scheme
that I'd be carrying a cargo with him,
whereas, in fact, once we were there, he meant
to sell me off for an enormous profit.
Though I suspected something, I had to go
and, once they heard the noise, Egyptians came,
as daylight first appeared. The entire plain
filled up with chariots and infantry,
all flashing bronze. Zeus, who hurls the lightning,
threw a nasty panic in my comrades,
so no one dared to stay and face the
what pleased me and then later get much more,
when we drew lots. Soon my house grew rich,
and Cretans honoured and respected me.
But when far-seeing Zeus planned that fatal trip
which loosed the knees of many warriors,
they asked me and famous Idomeneus
his legal children from his lawful wife.
My mother was a purchased concubine.
Still, Castor, son of Hylax, the man
I claim as my own father, honoured me,
just as he did his true-born sons. Back then,
since he had wealth and land and worthy sons,
for his dear father, with a splendid shape
and handsome. But one of the immortals
warped his better judgmentperhaps it was
some human being. For he's gone on a trip
to sacred Pylos to find out some news
about his father. Now noble suitors
lie in wait for
when you declare he'll not come home again,
and your heart always clings to this belief,
I won't just tell you Odysseus will be back
no, I'll take an oath on it. When he comes,
when he gets back home, give me my reward
for my good newslet me have fine clo
your lies or making up those artful stories,
which you love from the bottom of your heart.
But come, let's no longer speak of this,
for we both understand what shrewdness means.
Of all men you're the best in making plans
and giving speeches, and among all
and serve as his attendant there in Troy,
but led another group of my own men.
As he was coming home, back from the fields,
I lay in wait for him with my companions,
close to the road. There with my bronze-tipped spear
I struck him. Black night concealed
Full of sorrow, she spoke outher words had wings:
My son, how have you come while still alive
down to this sad darkness? For living men
it's difficult to come and see these things
huge rivers, fearful waters, stand between us,
first and foremost Oceanus,
Same an island close to Ithaca, part of Odysseus kingdom.
Scheria distant land where the Phaeacians live.
Scylla a monster with many heads.
Sirens two singers who lure sailors to their destruction.
Sparta city in the
Mentor son of Alcimus, steward of Odysseus place, an old
companion of Odysseus.
Nausicaa daughter of Arete, princess of the Phaeacians.
Neriton a mountain in Ithaca.
Nestor son of Neleus, king of Pylos, sometimes called
Giants the race of divinities before Zeus, many now imprisoned by
Zeus deep in the earth.
Hades god of the underworld, also the underworld itself.
Halitherses son of Mastor, an older prophet in Ithaca, a colleague of
Artemis divine daughter of Zeus and Leto, goddess of the hunt.
Athena: divine daughter of Zeus, goddess of wisdom.
Atreus father of Agamemnon and Menelaus, who are often called
sons of Atreus.
Autolycus father of Penelope and t
my honoured mother answered me at once:
You can be sure she's waiting in your home,
her heart still faithful. But her nights and days
all end in sorrow, with her shedding tears.
As for your noble kingship rights, no one else
has taken them as yet. Telemac
Glossary of Names
The following glossary includes the names of the main characters
and places in the Odyssey and a few others.
Achaeans a collective name of the Greeks (used interchangeably
with Danaans and Argives
Dimitra Liacopoulos Interpretation of Literature Professor Rosenbaum 3/13/08 Mrs. Gardiner: A Symbol of Sensibility We all know when it comes to a story, the characters are what bring life to it. Although the attention is usually focused on the main