modification of structural realism and liberal institutionalism
not really an alternative, competing theory
key difference from realism: institutions have independent causal, not epiphenomenal
Rational Choice Th
War and State-Building in Africa
Africa lacks number of interstate wars that early modern Europe experienced
Ethiopian-Somalian 1977-1978 (226 days)
Ugandan-Tanzanian 1978-1979 (165 days)
interventions in Zaire/Democratic Re
Concept of Civil War
multiple sovereignty: control of sovereign polity contested by competing
often but not exclusively establish state elite facing challenge to its rule
violent, organized resistance to existing state or quasi-state
Is Civil Society Opposed to the Market?
Civil Society v. Market
- Markets are more state-oriented
o State sets legal rules: property rights, contract
o State-assisted development: tax credits, subsidies,
- economic interests a
Modernization and Development Pathways
do stages of development influence political outcomes?
Early developers: US, UK, France
Middle developers: Germany, Japan
Late developers: Russia, China
Late, Late (experimental) developers: India, Mexico, So
Game Theory Terms
Dominant strategy: the best strategy regardless of what move the other player makes
Nash equilibrium: an outcome in which neither player has an incentive to unilaterally alter his
Pareto optimal outcome: an outcome in which the
External Challenges to State-Building
legacies of colonial political rule
extent of state-building
direct rule (e.g. Tunisia) v. indirect rule (e.g. Libya)
indigenous v. foreign staffing
replication of European institutions
India v. Congo/Zaire
Covers 90 civil wars from 1960-1999
State as target model has strong support (I differ with Ross interpretation)
High fuel rents increase risk of all CW
double the risk of fuel-less state
but only 40% greater risk if GDP per capita rises too
Republicanism v. Liberalism in Post-Conflict Settlements (Barnett)
How should civil wars and state failures be resolved?
What should the goal of political development be?
establishment of liberal, representative, capitalist, democratic state?
US Policy Toward the Balkans 1991-2003
1991: Bush admin. is concerned over prospects widespread secession leaned in Eurasia.
Soviet Union fissures in Dec. 1991: will there be widespread conflict? Civil wars
breakout in several Soviet Republics (Georgia, T