Shafir & Tversky Chapter 1.Explain expected value theory. Choice between a risky prospect and an alternative that are equivalent most people prefer the sure gain over the gamble, although they have the same expected value. The expected value of a gamble i
1. Should cognitive science ignore neuroscience? Neither AI nor cognitive psychology has been inspired by the developing understanding of the microstructure of the empirical brain and of the operations of its elements. The "multiple rea
Holyoak Chapter 1. What is task analysis? We can learn about how problems are solved by considering how they could be solved. Task analysis provides info about constraints that the nature of the problem imposes on the nature of the problem solver. Problem
1. What are some possible targets for a theory of consciousness? 2. What is special about qualia as a target for a theory of consciousness? 3. What is the easy problem about consciousness? 4. What is the hard problem about consciousness? 5. What is
Smith Chapter 1.What are categories and concepts? A category is a class of objects that belong together. We have mental representations of various categories and a means of deciding which of these mental representations provides the best fit to x. Concept
Thursday, September 02, 2010 11:41 AM
Multidisciplinary study of natural and artificial cognition
Reading log - Due Oct 31 Brief summary + detailed reaction May be some presentations (more summary, less reaction)
Grading 1. Midterm - 20% 2. Re
Design problems with stoves and voting system . Core cognitive principles Aim for experience of cognitive flow o o Cognitive flow = optimal experience, feeling of efortnessness, experience of being connected to and being in the present In state of flow, c
DO N'T BOT H ER, READ T H E PAPER CAREF ULLY ONLY
What eyes can tell us about bilingual language understanding (eye-t racking measures) Read paper on bilingual language processing Why study bilinguals? They have become the norm rather than the exception i
Final: 56 multiple choice question 28 assertion/reason question. 7 on student presentations. Integer addition in neural networks BP not good for non-linear problems Cc minimized moving target effect Can neural net learn to add two numbers? o o o Encode th
Pinker Syntax Chapter 1. What are the natural tricks behind human language ability? The first is the "arbitrariness of the sign", the wholly conventional pairing of a sound with a meaning. i.e. "Dog" does not act like a dog or look like one but it refers
IAC What does IAC let you talk about? o o o o o o o Decay? Returns to resting level if nothing excites it Boundaries floors and ceilings wherein activation falls Equilibrium state point towards which network is moving Competition tendency for units connec
Clark Chapter 1.What are some possible targets for a theory of consciousness? Some possible targets for a theory of consciousness include: simple awakeness, self-awareness, availability for verbal report, availability for the control of intentional action
Pinker Acquisition Chapter 1. What is the evidence for dissociations between linguistic and general intelligence? Strokes leave adults with catastrophic losses in language, though not necessarily impaired in other aspects of intelligence (measured by nonv
07 PSYC 532 - Cognitive Science
Computational Modeling of Memory Reconsolidation
How art nn s can be used to model.
HM Henry Molaison 2008
Brenda Milner (colleague of Penfield went to work with Scoville in Hartford)
1957 nearly complete anteg
03 PSYC 532 Cognitive Science
September 13, 2016
- Mid Term and EXAM!
You get to bring a sheet of notes of your own making.
Transfers pressure from memorization. TO organizing.
In order to get the full course onto one page. Youve got to o
Nots on Potter
1. Function of memory
a. Store information for later use.
1. Encoding should reduce and transform information
2. Retaining important material
1. Needs to be selective
1. loss may be perceive
02 PSYC 532 Cognitive Science (McGill)
I would be more than happy to do the readings and prepare responses as an auditor.
Reading Log: Due
- Nov 6th
Question 1: What is the importance of the Turing test?
Took metalistic aspect o
04 PSYC 532 Cognitive Science
- Functional Topics
Flashbulb memory sometimes inaccurate but still more than usual.
Prototype rep of things is very intresting.
o Perfect ideal of something platonic
- Connectionist model of Prototy
06 PSYC 532 Cognitive Science
September 22, 2016
System Consolidation Hypothesis
Some kind of
Empirical evidence supporting system consolidation hypothesis
Three types of memory
Different effect/loss with different lesio
1. What is the function of memory and what are the properties of memory that ensure this function is accomplished? 2. What tends to be encoded in memory? 3. What are the elementary processes of encoding? 4. What are the properties of connectionist
04 PSYC 532
September 15 2016
Follow-up Churchland Chapter
parallel distributed processing
- art neural net.
Compute weighted sum of inputs from other nits
Learn via modifying connection weights to reduce err
Psyc 532: Week 1 - Lecture 1 Introduction
Cognitive science = Multi-disciplinary study of natural & artificial cognition
History of cognitive science: Rooted in philosophy -> Cognitive science in 1950s
3 main Influences in 1950s : Cognitiv
Why the past tense?
In English & the German plural
Integrates ideas from
acquisition Cognitive development Rules Vs. connections
Regular past add suffix -ed to stem
Cognitive neuroscience is going to produce a theory of mental in terms of brain structure and function.
It hasn't yet happened because. More data? Better theories?
Cognitive neuroscience is going to produce a theory of mental in terms of brain structure a
The case of the balance scale
Issues in cognitive development
is knowledge represented? How is knowledge processed? How do these processes change? Stage sequences?
Why the balance scale?
Prominent benchmark for modelin
1. What is task analysis? 2. Explain the search model of problem solving. 3. What is the importance of combinatorial explosion? 4. What is the role of heuristic search? 5. Explain means-ends analysis. 6. What is the role of planning in problem sol
1. How can apparent departures from rationality be explained away? 2. What is the distinction between practical and theoretical rationality? 3. Can there be practical rationales for belief? 4. Distinguish between epistemic and nonepistemic reasons
Shafir & Tversky
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Explain expected value theory. Explain expected utility theory. What is the shape of expected utility function for gains? For losses? What is prospect theory? Describe framing effects in relation to dominance and d
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. What are categories and concepts? What is the difference between natural kinds and artifacts? What are the functions of categorization? How is inductive inference related to categorization? How are objects assigned to categories