1. Should cognitive science ignore neuroscience? Neither AI nor cognitive psychology has been inspired by the developing understanding of the microstructure of the empirical brain and of the operations of its elements. The "multiple rea
Smith Chapter 1.What are categories and concepts? A category is a class of objects that belong together. We have mental representations of various categories and a means of deciding which of these mental representations provides the best fit to x. Concept
1. What are some possible targets for a theory of consciousness? 2. What is special about qualia as a target for a theory of consciousness? 3. What is the easy problem about consciousness? 4. What is the hard problem about consciousness? 5. What is
Thursday, September 02, 2010 11:41 AM
Multidisciplinary study of natural and artificial cognition
Reading log - Due Oct 31 Brief summary + detailed reaction May be some presentations (more summary, less reaction)
Grading 1. Midterm - 20% 2. Re
Final: 56 multiple choice question 28 assertion/reason question. 7 on student presentations. Integer addition in neural networks BP not good for non-linear problems Cc minimized moving target effect Can neural net learn to add two numbers? o o o Encode th
Design problems with stoves and voting system . Core cognitive principles Aim for experience of cognitive flow o o Cognitive flow = optimal experience, feeling of efortnessness, experience of being connected to and being in the present In state of flow, c
Why the past tense?
In English & the German plural
Integrates ideas from
acquisition Cognitive development Rules Vs. connections
Regular past add suffix -ed to stem
Cognitive neuroscience is going to produce a theory of mental in terms of brain structure and function.
It hasn't yet happened because. More data? Better theories?
Cognitive neuroscience is going to produce a theory of mental in terms of brain structure a
The case of the balance scale
Issues in cognitive development
is knowledge represented? How is knowledge processed? How do these processes change? Stage sequences?
Why the balance scale?
Prominent benchmark for modelin
Problems with BP
slow Too artistic
per level? Restrictions on connections?
Why is BP so slow?
problem Moving target problem
Connectionism in brief
Network of units & weights Each unit has simple program
Compute weighted sum of inputs from other units Output a number, a non-linear function of weighted sum of inputs Send output to other units doing the same
DO N'T BOT H ER, READ T H E PAPER CAREF ULLY ONLY
What eyes can tell us about bilingual language understanding (eye-t racking measures) Read paper on bilingual language processing Why study bilinguals? They have become the norm rather than the exception i
IAC What does IAC let you talk about? o o o o o o o Decay? Returns to resting level if nothing excites it Boundaries floors and ceilings wherein activation falls Equilibrium state point towards which network is moving Competition tendency for units connec
Clark Chapter 1.What are some possible targets for a theory of consciousness? Some possible targets for a theory of consciousness include: simple awakeness, self-awareness, availability for verbal report, availability for the control of intentional action
Holyoak Chapter 1. What is task analysis? We can learn about how problems are solved by considering how they could be solved. Task analysis provides info about constraints that the nature of the problem imposes on the nature of the problem solver. Problem
Pinker Acquisition Chapter 1. What is the evidence for dissociations between linguistic and general intelligence? Strokes leave adults with catastrophic losses in language, though not necessarily impaired in other aspects of intelligence (measured by nonv
Pinker Syntax Chapter 1. What are the natural tricks behind human language ability? The first is the "arbitrariness of the sign", the wholly conventional pairing of a sound with a meaning. i.e. "Dog" does not act like a dog or look like one but it refers
Knowledge representation How is knowledge represented and what the processes are that operate on those representations Representation: rules and connections
Rule based cognition Knowledge can be represented in symbols and processed by performing manipulat
Psyc 532: Week 1 - Lecture 1 Introduction
Cognitive science = Multi-disciplinary study of natural & artificial cognition
History of cognitive science: Rooted in philosophy -> Cognitive science in 1950s
3 main Influences in 1950s : Cognitiv
How does structure achieve function? A unified theory of cognition realized as a production system Designed to predict human behavior by processing information & generating intelligent behavior Integrates cognition, visual attention, & mot
94-100, 104-106 The past tense in English Most verbs form past tense by adding `-ed' to the end of present tense but there are some i r regular verbs that can be categorized into 3 classes: o o o Identity: they keep same form in present and past (hit/hit)
Shafir & Tversky
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Explain expected value theory. Explain expected utility theory. What is the shape of expected utility function for gains? For losses? What is prospect theory? Describe framing effects in relation to dominance and d
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. What are categories and concepts? What is the difference between natural kinds and artifacts? What are the functions of categorization? How is inductive inference related to categorization? How are objects assigned to categories
1. What is the function of memory and what are the properties of memory that ensure this function is accomplished? 2. What tends to be encoded in memory? 3. What are the elementary processes of encoding? 4. What are the properties of connectionist
1. Should cognitive science ignore neuroscience? 2. How do neurons compute? 3. What are the similarities between biological and artificial neural nets? 4. How do artificial neural nets compute? structrue of neural network 5. How do artificial n
1. What is the computer model of the mind? 2. What is the importance of the Turing test? 3. What are the kinds of kinds? 4. What is functional analysis? 5. What are primitive processes? 6. What is the relation of the computer model of the mind to bi
Smith, Kanwisher, Uttal S. Smith 1. What does the acronym fMRI refer to? Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging 2. What does fMRI measure? fMRI is a technique for determining which parts of the brain are activated by different types of physical sensation o
Shafir & Tversky Chapter 1.Explain expected value theory. Choice between a risky prospect and an alternative that are equivalent most people prefer the sure gain over the gamble, although they have the same expected value. The expected value of a gamble i
1. What is social cognition? Approach to understanding of human social behavior; it involves the investigation of the mental processes that come into play when people interact with one another. Addresses things like perception, stereotypin