Gorbachev: Glasnost and Perestroika
Post Stalin - Khruschev era
end of bloodiest period in Soviet history - when Stalin died. terror was used routinely.
Stalin > then Khruschev. took a few years to get established, then in 1956 made a clean
Communist Collapse in the USSR: 1990-1991
Perestroika - not as successful as Gorbachev thought
o met with cynicism in the public
o so then the people thought about what they could do to help the policy achieve it's
original goals and what the
Why did the USSR collapse?
in 1990, Yeltsin was leader of Russian socialist federation
After this, in the summer of 1990 the Russian communist party claimed independence from Soviet
party - centrifugal tendency intensified. by end of summer o
Theories of disintegration
Theories for disintegration of USSR - genetic defect in formation theory: inevitability, communism
being doomed to collapse due to ideology and gap to reality
This disconnect was concealed for 70 years, by the fact
Nationalist violence in the former Soviet Union
Contested borders - Moldova/Ukraine, pridnestrian region
o borders created during the Soviet Union by Stalin
o tjikstan was engulfed by way - islamists, central government.