Lecture 18:European Later
Last Glacial Maximum (LGM)
c. 26.5 19 kya
22 - 20 kya most severe, this coincides with
the EUP-LUP transition (Gravettian
End of EUP is the Gravettian (aka
Perigordian V and VI). It features elong
Living With Neanderthals
Neanderthals on the move, mural by
Czech artist Zdenek Burian
Were Neanderthals a Failure?
NO! Neanderthals successfully adapted to harsh conditions.
They lasted over 250,000 years and appear to have displaced
The Acheulian in Western
Dmanisi shows hominins were in Eurasia by 1.8 MYBP and
they appear to have rapidly spread eastward into Southeast
Asia and China.
Expansion into Western Europe was slower, probably due to
geographical barriers and difficu
LECTURE 17: The European
Early Upper Paleolithic
Debate on the European MP-UP transition has always been
linked to ideas about the Neanderthals, and ultimately to
extant conceptions on the nature of both biolgical and
Bordes MP Typology
Tools from Le Moustier
In spite of many flaws, Bordes typology is still the primary
descriptive system used to classify MP stone tools in Europe.
(Review the definitions of flakes and cores, th
Lecture 8:Africa & the First
Hominin Dispersal to Eurasia
1. EARLIEST hominins were bipeds on the ground,
but retained some tree-climbing adaptations.
The EARLIEST evidence for the use of stone tools
Technology & Typology
Step 1: Split nodule to create
Step 2: Create a ridge intersecting
the platform at 90 degrees. This
can be done bifacially or
The completed ridge.
Step 3: Apply f
PALEOLITHIC of WESTERN EURASIA
Prof. Michael S. Bisson
Office: Leacock 723
Hours: Monday & Wednesday 14:35 - 15:55 or by appointment
Phone: (514) 398-4287
e-mail: [email protected]
M. & W.: 10:05-11:25
This course ha
Getting AMHs out of Africa
Bab el Mandeb
The earliest claimed AMHs fossils are the teeth from
Qesem Cave, Israel, claimed to be c. 380 kya. But most
physical anthropologists are skeptical, so.
*The consensus is that the EARLIEST skeletal
Anth 347: Lecture 10
and the LP MP Transition
What can handaxes tell us about the minds and
behavior of early hominins?
First, some basic questions:
A: Are there discrete shapes?
The variety of shapes described by the typology
The Levantine Upper Paleolithic &
Natufian Priestess, Hilazon Tachtit, Israel
Levantine Upper Paleolithic: 50/48 to 11.5
Begins at about the same time as a shift from
warm wet climate (54.5 49.5 kya) to a cold
dry period (49
The Western European Middle Paleolithic
Francois Bordes at Combe Grenal
Author of the Mousterian
Although largely discredited as cultures, the assemblage
types Bordes identified in Southwestern
Methods & Pleist. Environments
Using both glacial advances and faunal successions
to define the Pleistocene has proved to be problematic
because neither is a world-wide phenomenon.
Ice sheets were present in northern latitudes,