Corpus callosum = great cerebral commissure
Patients with severe epilepsy two alternatives: remove the part of the cortex
where the problem lies, but for some people this does not work because the
problem is not in a specific area, but spread out; for the
Anatomy of parietal lobe
-Anterior parietal lobe: postcentral gyrus
-Posterior parietal lobe: everything else, divided in superior and inferior; important
for primate brain: understanding our bodies in relation to the external world
-Superior parietal reg
Corpus striatum = neostriatum = caudate nucleus + putamen
Paleostriatum = globus pallidum
Speech apraxia: difficulty with articulation, but not necessarily with syntax
problems (agrammatism). The critical part for this problem is the anterior part of
Verbal paraphasia: confusing words
Phoneme paraphasia: confusing phonemes
Cannot repeat sentences in a precise way (with the exact words, syntax, etc.), but
can repeat a similar idea (paraphrasing).
Called conduction aphasia because it was comm
Projection fibers: Axons coming from cortex to subcortical areas and viceversa
Association fibers: Communication between cortex areas within same hemisphere
Commisural fibers: Communication between cortex areas in different hemispheres
One of the major pa
Cuneus: includes parts of V2 and V3
Precuneus: medial surface of parietal lobe
Visual information goes from occ to parietal region, where the intraparietal sulcus
splits the parietal lobe in superior and inferior
In the posterior parietal cortex, two proc
orders of speech the verbal output was
impaired because of weakness or in-
Language disorders after brain damage help in
elucidating the neural basis of verbal behavior.
Many problems relating to the func- her co-workers on patients under
Alan B. Rubens, MD, and D. Frank Benson, MD, Boston
Following an acute hypotensive episode, a patient had unusual residual visual difficulties. A
right homonymous hemianopsia was the only primary neurologic deficit, but there we
Object vision and spatial
vision:two cortical p hways
Mortimer Mishkin, Leslie G. Ungerleider and Kathleen A.
Evidence is reviewed indicating that striate cortex in the m o n k e y is the source o f two
multisynaptic corticocortical pathway
Clinical and Surgical Studies of the Cerebral Speech
Areas in Man
T. Rasmussen 1 and B. Milner 1
The continuing studies of localization of function in the human
brain at the Montreal Neurological Institute stem directly from
Dr. WILDER PENFIELD'S 1928 per
JOHN W. KARAPELOU
The Split Brain Revisited
Copyright 1998 Scientific American, Inc.
Groundbreaking work that began more than
a quarter of a century ago has led to ongoing insights
about brain organization and consciousness
by Michael S. Gazzaniga
The aim of this section of the atlas is to
provide some historical background on the classical research that led to the definition of the core
language regions of the brain. There is no d
The apraxias have a special importance in the history of callosal syndromes, since it was the study of these disorders which led Liepmann to
his remarkable analyses of syndromes of disconnection. The apraxias
PSYC 311 lecture I
Brain: tissue specialized in processing info
Neurons: specialized cell that process info
Neurons are either baseline , ON/OFF (by other inputs/neurons- ON if excitatory impulse
When on-> electrical
PSYC 311 lecture V
Largest commissural fiber system
o Back: SPLENIUM of the corpus callosum
Joins occipital (cuneus, lingual gyrus and precuneus) areas
o Middle: BODY/trunk of the corpus callosum
Motor and ST cross over
PSYC 311 lecture VI
Hydrocephalus: water in brain (ventricles blocked)
Pharmacologically intractable epilepsy
Attempted commissurotomy to prevent spread of seizures from L to R
But after, patients had no cognitive impairments which was odd:
1. Corpus ca
PSYC 311 lecture III
Motor area: (2):
1. Primary motor cortex (area 4, beside CS on precentral gyrus)
2. Premotor area (area 6, further forward on precentral gyrus)
Somatosensory cortex (3 areas on post CG)
Found 3 homunculi, in each area!
o Penfields h
PSYC 311 lecture IV
Ex. Brocas aphasia: dmg left inf frontal gyrus causing problems in language production
lesions caused diff impairments so thought that measuring bumps on brain can give areas of
diff cognition like love, patriotism
PSYC 311 Lecture II
*focus on parts covered in class*
3 types of fibers/axons in the brain:
a. Association fibers/axons= cortex to another part of cortex
b. Commissural fibers/axons= cross from 1 hemi to other (R<->L)
2. Projection fib
Lecture 8: Time perception
What is time?
Time is the indefinite continued progress of existence and events that occur in apparently
irreversible successions from the past through the present to the future
Fourth dimension (in addition to the 3 spatial d
PSYC 332 LECTURE 14
How can we identify our dominant motivational orientation?
Questions of the day?
How can we identify our implicit motivational orientation?
o Why it's important: research suggests that our motive profile might
determine the kind of ac
PSYC 332 LECTURE 17
Generativity in Midlife
Generativity is about being concerned with the next generation and about being
worried about making things better for your children and younger people.
Think about your parents, are they getting involved and m
PSYC 332 LECTURE 18
Attachment From Infancy to Adulthood
Attachment style is a construct that would fall within the second level
Attachment is something you can see between a child and a mother, but also
between a husband and a wife.
You can also think
PSYC 332 LECTURE 15
Is Power Motivation Adaptive?
Its the motive we are least likely to want to see in ourselves and its the motive
that we are less likely to acknowledge.
We are not sure we want to describe ourselves as wanting power.
It is in our nat
PSYC 332 LECTURE 20
Identity as a Life Story: Questions and Research
Questions of the day
How can we study and analyze life stories?
o Dan McAdams article: Each of us is engages in the process of making
sense of our lives, and through our life we are cha
PSYC 332 LECTURE 21
The Psychopathology of Everyday Life: Exploring Freudian Slips
Freud would say that there is another part of our lives that has to do with
unconscious motivations. That would suggest that there is another part of our
PSYC 332 LECTURE 16
Psychosocial Stages and the Struggle for Identity
We will talk about a theory about how we are changing.
Certain times in our lives have certain challenges.
Reading Guidelines: Suggested Order
1. Winter on traits and motives.
Psych212: MIDTERM 1 NOTES
Nativism: Plato Allegory of the cave
Three prisoners chained in a cave since their birth. Forced to face a wall and theres a fire. From
time to time people pass in front of the fire and what the prisoners see is the s
Lecture 9 March 20 2017 Personal concernsAttachment and Autonomy
Level 2 of MacsModel
movie- attachment & autonomy
readingWeinstein on integration- Autonomy is a key thing for integration and self
shared environment, parenting has nothing