Process of experts reviewing paper submissions before it's published
Psychological (Psych) Abstracts
A reference resource published by the APA that contains abstracts (brief summaries) of
articles in psychology and related disciplines.
Types of counterbalancing:
o presentation of different sequences to the same participant
o presentation of different sequences to each group (participants
within that group receive the same sequence)
o all condi
Test Designs Advantages and Disadvantages
Disadvantages and Advantages of posttest-only designs and
Posttest only designs advantages: simplest measure
Disadvantages: cant draw conclusions, can have many confounds,
Single Factor Designs:
1. know the difference between the different forms of single factor designs?
Independent (between) groups: each group gets a separate condition,
Matched (correlated): each group gets a separation condition, each
participant in each
Identify what it means to be a participant at risk vs. a participant at minimal
no more physical or emotional risk than would be
encountered in daily life or in routine physical or
psychological examinations or tests
QUASI EXPERIMENTAL DESIGNS: SMART
Know the difference between open and closed systems.
True experimental designs are closed systems: where experimenter
has control of much of factors involved.
Internal validity high but often doesnt general
EXAM 2 REVIEW Chapter 5- Pages: 110-130; Chapter 7- Pages: 171-178, 183-193
Four levels of measurement- based on properties of data:
1. Identity- property measurement in which objects that are different receive a different
score (sports jerseys)
Behavioral Self-Report Measures
Ask people how often they do something.
Ex: How often they eat a certain food, eat out at a restaurant, etc.
Relies on the individual to report their own behavior, which may be inaccurate to reality.
Cognitive Self-Report M
A table in which all of the scores are listed along with the frequency with which each
Can also show relative frequency (the proportion of the total observations included in
Class Interval Frequency Distribution
A definition of a variable in terms of the operations (activities) a researcher uses to
measure or manipulate it.
Ex: Defining hunger in terms of specific activities, like not having eaten for 12 hours.
"Hunger occurs when 12 hours
An indication of the strength of the relationship between two variables.
A figure that graphically represents the relationship between two variables.
The assumption that a correlation indicates a causal relationship between
questions for which participants formulate their own responses
questions to which participants choose from a limited number of alternatives
partially open-ended questions
closed-ended questions with an open-ende
study of likelihood and uncertainty; the number of ways a particular outcome can occur,
divided by the total number of outcomes
process of determining whether a hypothesis is supported by the results of a research
Chi-Square goodness-of-fit test
A nonparametric inferential procedure that determines how well an observed frequency
distribution fits an expected distribution.
What we would expect based on previous knowledge.
For nominal (categorical) data, frequencies
Questions for which participants formulate their own responses
Questions for which participants choose from a limited number of alternatives
Partially Open-Ended Questions
Closed-ended questions with an open-end
interpreting random events as non-random
gut feelings or "hunches"
unaware of the source of information
accepting the words of an authority figure even though they are not always
ex: experts, celebrities, etc
research paper setup
title page, abstract, introduction, method, results, discussion, and references
where do tables, figures and appendices appear?
at the end of the paper
describe the problem under investigation, the purpose of the study, the p
Research design and analysis I
Dr. Tonya Buchanan
Hours: W 1-2 F 2-3; & by apt (rm 220)
Psychology and Design
What caused the change in psychology away from these designs?
The appearance of multi-participant/group research coincided with
the development of the analysis of variance (ANOVA) by Fisher.
Also aided by the computer advances s
Statistical conclusion, construct, internal (within experiment), external
(effects from outside, apply to populations?)
1. What is (are) the purpose(s) of control?
o Produce groups that are equivalent prior to our treatment
PSY 293 AC
11. What are the two ways to get means, variance, etc from SPSS? Which one contains the median?
Mean, Variance, etc:
1. Go to Analyze > Descriptive Statistics>Discriptives
2. Select the variable you want to get the sta
Jeopardy for test 1
Q: Which is affected most by extreme scores?
Q: In a positively skewed graph which is the highest value?
Q: the statistical comparison distribution used for correlation
A: t (hypothesis testing)
Q: Which type of graph i
Im an observer, I like to watch
people. Im into psychology
and people; how they act and
such. Dane Cook
the heck is that?
What is Cognitive Psychology
Loosely defined as the study of how we
perceive, think, and act.