Understand the functions of
Slime layer= thick, sticky, slippery substance,
capsule= attached to outside of cell wall.
capsule helps he cell to adhere to various surfaces
and it provides protection against the hosts immune
protein, sugar, fat etc.
building blocks for cells are dissolved in the water
Bacterial chromosome :
circular loop of DNA
usually only 1
nucleoid area they are free in the cytoplasm
Classification Eukaryotes, Viruses, and Prions
Be familiar with the general properties of the eukaryotic microbes
decomposers, symbiotic relationship with plants
bread wine, beer, antibiotics, similar to animals
Classification Achaea and Bacteria
Be familiar with the taxonomic work of Linnaeus (von Linne), Haeckel, Whittaker,
developed system of binomial name
(genus name +specific modifier)
used for all microbes except viruses.
organelles that contain the pigments for
many per cell, has sychronized movements to help
Scientific method is composed of the following steps:
Why do certain molecules behave as suc
Cell Biology Eukaryotes
complex cells with internal membranes, organelles,
and many metabolic processes.
Examples Include: Protists, Fungi, Plant, and Animals
Know that Eukaryotes may be unicellular or mulicellular
Understand the basic structures of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic
(sugars, starches, and cellulose)
or poly (multi) saccharides
amount of molecules can form different types of
Understand the general roles played by carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and
nucleic acids in cells
source of energy for metabolism and used for
an important means of of the cell stores energy.
Be familiar with the contributions of historically significant events and scientists:
19th and 20th centuries
of the European Population died in 15 years.
19th and 20th Centuries:
Typhus struck Napoleons army as 500,000 of them marched to Russia.
Irish Potato famine :
Only 100,000 people made it to Moscow.
microbial infection that destroyed major crop
1 million people out of 8 million died.