Chapter 4- baby is here
- Growth by first year, 50% increase
o Bigger jump here
- By the end of second year, 75% bigger
- By 5 months, double weight
o By 1 year, tripled
o 2 years, quadrupled
o If this continued into our 18 years, we would wei
Fv Cognitive Psychology
- Cognition: collection of mental processes and activities used in
perceiving, remembering, thinking, and understanding, and the act
of using those processes (pg 6).
- Cognitive science: the study of thought, using available scient
Changes in Mental Ability
- Cohort Effects
- Crystallized vs. Fluid Intelligence
- Processing speed decreases
- Memory decline
- Problem solving
o With adulthood, we think of old folks who dont have a lot to give
o One thing though is
1. What is the most measure used in a sentence verification task?
a. Number of categories
b. Reaction time
c. Number of correct answer
d. Error rate
2. _ refers to the mental categories that share common characteristics.
a. Mental image
- Age 6, average NA child weighs about 45 pounds and 3.5 feet tall
- Variations in body size
o 2-3 inches/year
o 5 pounds/year
o between ages 6 and 8, girls are slightly shorter and lighter than boys
o age 9, trend reverses as girls
Two types attention:
Sensation and Perception
Feature Integration Theory
- Attention as glue
- Attention is required to put the pieces together (to combine features into objects)
- Evidence: Conjunction E
Morling ch 1.
Which of the following characteristics sets scientific journals apart from magazines?
a. They have editors.
b. They are peer-reviewed.
c. They come out periodically, usually once a month.
d. They have multiple contributors.
A statement, or s
1. Which of the following characteristics sets scientific journals apart from magazines?
a. They have editors
b. They are peer reviewed
c. They come out periodically, usually once a month
d. They have multiple contributors
2. A statement, or set of statem
1. Hilda is studying the effects of a major natural disaster on people living nearby. She finds
that many of the victims are depressed and show stress-related symptoms. Why can't
Hilda conclude that the natural disaster caused the depression and stress-re
1. Reading the news on the Internet, Johan comes across the headline, "When Stress is
Increased, Men Rush Ahead, Women More Cautious." (This headline is based on a study
conducted by Lighthall et al., 2011.) In this study, men and women were asked to
What is Abnormal Psych
study of behaviors that differ from the norm
Exposed to biological, psychosocial, sociocultural perspectives and
what they say about
Course: Duration of illness and recovery process?
include PSY 242 in
8/31 An Integrative Approach to psychopathology
One dimensional models (single root to problem) vs Multidimensional models
(system/numerous factors that influence disorders)
Components of Multidimensional model
Biological (gentics, physiology, neurobi
Sex and Gender
Because of changes in brain development, its a sensitive time to have gender socialized
by media and other influencers
Traditional masculinity saw a re-emergence due to the emergence of feminism in the
early 80s (
Watsons little albert study
-1 VS& 1 CS
- CS CR
What is learning
- eg. Can computer learn? No!
in behavior or the pot
Study method of memory
Reconstruct memory/ False memory
Neuro-anatonomy of memory
How to improve memory
Methods in study of memory
Which type of test would you rather have
between these two types of test captures the d
-Refers to a needs or desire that energizes behavior and direct it towards a goal
e.g. need water and food to survive
perspectives on motivation
drive push us
Food is a basic need hunger
Physiology of hunger want makes us feel hungry
1. Glucose level is a hunger signal
The hormone insulin converts glucose (blood suger) to fat
When our supply of glucose is high and th ecell of the body are a
Chapter 11 Human Development
The Prenatal Period
The prenatal period last about nine months and is divided into three stages: 1 the germinal stage, 2 the
embryonic stage, and 3 the fetal stage.
The germinal stage begins with 4 conception, w
Discussion Questions Module 3 Development
Cognitive Development in Childhood
1. Why are there different theories of cognitive development? Why dont researchers agree on which
theory is the right one?
2. Do childrens natures differ, or do differences among
Discussion Questions Module 5 Consciousness
States of Consciousness
1. If someone were in a coma after an accident, and you wanted to better understand how
conscious or aware s/he were, how might you go about it?
2. What are some of the factors in daily l
Discussion Questions Module 7 Memory
Questions Set 1 & 2 - Memory (Encoding, Storage, and Retrieval)
1. Mnemonists like Simon Reinhard develop mental journeys, which enable them to use the method of
loci. Develop your own journey, which contains 20 places
Discussion Question Module 7 Learning
Conditioning and Learning
1. Describe three examples of Pavlovian (classical) conditioning that you have seen in your own behavior,
or that of your friends or family, in the past few days.
2. Describe three examples o
Discussion Questions Module 8 Emotions and Motivation
1. The neural circuits of liking are different from the circuits of wanting. How might this relate to the
problems people encounter when they diet, fight addictions, or try to ch
Group Discussion Questions Summary Sheet
Leader:_ Responsibilities of roles:
Leader: 1) Select the questions that will be discussed and assign two questions to each group member. 2)
Keep the group focused on sharing information and completing the as
Peer Evaluation Form for Group Work
Your name _
Write the name of each of your group members in a separate column. For each person, indicate the extent to which you agree
with the statement on the left, using a scale of 1-4 (1=strongly disagree; 2=disagre