Rather than assume that there is one "best" or
universal way to manage people in organizations,
whiapproach do researchers use to try to identify
how different situations can be best understood
Which of the following reflects the
strongly affects job design and has profound implications
for the degree of coordination necessary.
tendency for managers in separate units, functions, or
departments to differ in terms of goals etc.
Permanent losses of resources as a result of a decision
tendency to invest additional resources in a failing
Escalation of Commitment
Group pressure damages mental efficiency
Handling Risk in Groups (2 shifts)
Risk Shift: te
reliance on other due to their capacity to provide rewards
Motives for Social Conformity (3)
match between person skills and knowledge and the
requirement of a job.
transmission of messages by some medium other
than speech or writing.
cultural information that surrounds a
potential information carrying capacity of a
House's Path Goal Theory
the effective leader forms a connection between
employee goals and organizational goals.
House's Path Goal Theory Behaviors (4)
Attempts to specify in a practical ma
Facets of Political Skill (4)
establishing good relations with key organizational
members or outsiders to accomplish one's goals.
beliefs about human nature, mo
Established by organization to complete a goal
Formal Work Groups
form in response to a common interest of
Stages of Group Development
Punctuated Equilibrium Model
Suppose that a manager sets up a committee to
develop procedures for dealing with company-wide
training needs and then assigns people to conduct
specific training programs. This manager is
engaged in which management function?
According to Robe
group experience enables members to
continue to work together
group members needs are satisfied rather
than frustrated by the group
physical or intellectual output is acceptable to
management and to other parts of the