Chapter 1
The units for length, mass, and time (as
well as a few others), are regarded as
base SI units.
Measurement
In this chapter we will explore the following concepts:
These units are used in combination to
define additional units for other important
Chapter 18
Temperature, Heat , and the First law of thermodynamics
Thermodynamics is the branch of physics that is built
upon the fundamental laws that heat and work obey.
Temperature and the Zeroth law of thermodynamics
Thermometers and temperature scale
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Chapter 16 & 17
The equation for a wave is: y ( x, t ) =
Waves I & II
ym sin ( kx t )
This gives you the displacement y at a position x and at a time t.
y
Types of waves
Amplitude, phase, frequency, period, propagation speed of a wave
x
Mechanical waves p
Chapter 15
Oscillations
Displacement, velocity and acceleration of a simple harmonic
oscillator
x(t ) = xm cos (t + )
= 2 f =
2
T
Energy of a simple harmonic oscillator
The displacement of the particle is given by the equation: x(t ) = xm cos (t + ) .
Ex
Chapter 13
Gravitation
Newtons law of gravitation
The acceleration of gravity on the surface of the earth, above it and
below it.
m2
F21
mm
F = G 12 2 r
r
r
F12
m1
Gravitational potential energy
Keplers three laws of planetary motion
The two forces in a g
Chapter 2
.x x.
O
Displacement: x = x2 x1
Motion Along a Straight Line
1
.
x2
x-axis
motion
x1 = 5 m
x1 = 5 m
x1 = 12 m
Average Velocity
Average Speed
Instantaneous Velocity
x1 = 1 m
x = 12 m 5 m = 7 m
Positive Motion
Displacement
x = 1 m 5 m = 4 m
Negati
Chapter 3
Often it is necessary to add one vector to another.
Vectors
Geometric vector addition and subtraction
Resolving a vector into its components
The notion of a unit vector
Add and subtract vectors by components
Multiplication of a vector by a scala
Chapter 4
Displacement Vector
Motion in Two and Three Dimensions
For a particle that changes postion vector from r1 to r2 we define the displacement
vector r as follows:
Displacement
r = r2 r1
Average and instantaneous velocity
The position vectors r1 and
Chapter 5
Force and Motion
Begin the study of dynamics
Newtons First Law
Newtons Second Law
Newtons Third Law
1
Newtons First Law
If a spaceship in deep space turns off its
engines, will it coast to a stop?
The velocity of a body will not change unless it
Chapter 6
When the two surfaces are
not sliding across one another
the friction is called
static friction.
Force and Motion II
Describe the frictional force between two objects.
Differentiate between static and kinetic friction
Study the properties of fri
Chapter 7
Kinetic Energy and Work
Work: (symbol W)
If a force F is applied to an object of mass m it can accelerate it and increase
its speed v and kinetic energy K. Similarly F can decelerate m and decrease
its kinetic energy.
Kinetic energy
Work done by
During the trip from A to B the gravitational force Fg does negative work
W1 = -mgh.
Chapter 8
Energy is transferred by Fg from the kinetic energy of the tomato to the
gravitational potential energy U of the tomato-earth system.
Potential Energy and Conse
Chapter 9
The position vector for the center of mass is given by the equation: rcom =
Center of Mass and Linear Momentum
1
M
n
mr
i =1
ii
The position vector can be written as: rcom = xcom + ycom + zcomk
i
j
The components of rcom are given by the equatio
The Rotational Variables
Chapter 10
A rigid body is defined as one that can rotate with all its parts locked
together and without any change of its shape.
Rotation
A fixed axis means that the object rotates about an axis that does not move.
We can describ
Chapter 11
t1 = 0
t2 = t
Rolling, Torque, and Angular Momentum
Rolling of circular objects and its relationship with friction
Redefinition of torque as a vector
Angular Momentum of single particles and systems or particles
Newtons second law for rotationa