Anatomy of the Liver
Largest gland of the body
Divided into 4 lobes
Hepatocytes: functional cells of the liver
Blood perfuses liver from two sources:
1. 80% of blood supply comes from the porta
1. A patient who is 32 weeks gestation is experiencing dark, red vaginal bleeding and the nurse determines the FHR to be 100 bpm
and her abdomen is rigid and boardlike. What action should the nurse take first?
A. Administer O2 per face mask
B. Abdominal m
Growth and Development Milestones
When does birth length double?
Answer: By 4 years
When does the child sit unsupported?
Answer: 8 months
When does a child achieve 50% of adult height?
Answer: 2 years
When does a child throw a ball overhand?
1. An abnormal constituent of urine is:
2. The normal quantity of water ingested and excreted in the urine is approximately:
a) 0.5 L/day
b) 1.5 L/day
c) 2.5 L/day
d) 4 L/day
3. The normal amou
Antenatal Glucocorticoid Therapy with Betamethasone, Dexamethasone
Stimulates fetal lung maturation by promoting release of enzymes that induce production or release of lung
NOTE: The Food and Drug Ad
Q:1 Most postoperative clients with infratentorial tumors are prescribed to lie flat and turn to either
side, therefore a large tumor may require that the child NOT be turned to the operative side. What can
cause suctioning, coughing, or straining in this
Alejandro S. Mendoza RN, MD
Definition of Terms
A. Growth: iincrease in size of a structure. Human growth is orderly and predictable, but not
A. Growth ncrease
even; it follows a cyclical pattern.
Bluegrass Community Technical College
Associate Degree Nursing Program
NSG 213 - Cooper Campus
Test Blueprint Exam 1
Unit I B;
Unit I C;
1 - 11
Unit I D;
Unit II D;
Unit II G;
Unit II I;
Unit II J;
Arterial Insufficiency is decreased blood flow through arteries
S/S of Arterial Insufficiency: extremity becomes pale with elevation; delayed venous filling;
motor loss; dependent rubor (redness); cool foot or leg; ulcers on tips of toes, metatarsal head
Scientific Knowledge Base
Nutrients: The Biochemical Units of Nutrition
Carbohydrates, composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, are the main source of energy in the diet. Each gram of
carbohydrate produces 4 kcal/g and serves as t
Chapter 22 Musculoskeletal
How many bones in the human body?
Differences between nonsynovial and synovial joints
What do ligaments attach?
What do tendons attach?
Know range of motion descriptions (pics) on page 578
What is the epiphyses and what occurs t
Health Assessment Exam 2 Focus Points
Chapter 12: Skin, Hair and Nails
Know what hair and nails are made of
Know difference between eccrine and apocrine glands
The aging skin characteristics of an aging adult
What is senile purpura?
What is a keloid?
Scientific Knowledge Base
Oxygen is necessary to sustain life.
Blood is oxygenated through the mechanisms of ventilation, perfusion, and transport of respiratory gases.
Neural and chemical regulators control the rate and depth of respiration i
Skin Integrity and Wound CarePressure Ulcers- consistent with the recommendations with the pressure ulcer guidelines written
by the wound, ostomy and continence nurses society
Pressure ulcer is localized injury to the skin and other underlying tissue, usu
Physiology of sleep:
Sleep- cyclical physiological process that alternates with longer periods of wakefulness
Circadian rhythms- cyclical rhythms as part of everyday lives, most familiar is the 24
hour day/night cycle, known as the diurnal or circad
Spirituality- often defined as an awareness of ones inner self and a sense of connection to a
higher being, nature, or some purpose greater than oneself
Complex concept that is unique to each individual; depends on a persons culture,
Experience of Loss, Death, and GriefLoss- body parts or function, self-esteem, friendships, confidence or income, person, possession,
Each person experiences loss differently
Death is the ultimate loss
Maturational loss- form of necessary loss and in
Stress and CopingStress- experience to which a person is exposed through a stimulus or a stressor
When stress overwhelms existing coping mechanisms patients lose emotional balance
and a crisis results.
If symptoms of stress persist beyond the duration of
Ch. 18Planning Nursing Care
Planning: Involves setting priorities, identifying patient centered goals and expected outcomes, and
describing individualized nursing interventions
Priority Setting: The ordering of nursing diagnoses or patient problems using
Sexuality- differs from sexual health
Sexual Health is a state of physical, emotional, mental and social well-being in
relation to sexuality, not just absence of disease, dysfunction or infirmity
Sexual Development- sexuality changes as person r
Complementary and Alternative Therapies:
Complementary therapies- therapies used in addition to conventional treatment recommended by
health care provider
Therapeutic touch, guided imagery, breath work, relaxation, exercise, massage,
Self- concept: ones view of self
Subjective view and complex mixture of unconscious and conscious thoughts,
Self-concept is how a person thinks of oneself and directly affects self-esteem or
how one feels about oneself
Exam 4 focus sheet:
3 layers of the heart:
Pericardium (double walled outer sac that holds the heart)
Myocardium (heart muscle)
Endocardium (slippery lining on the inside of the heart chambers and valves)
4 heart valves and location:
o Right AV
Nursing Knowledge Base
Common Bowel Elimination Problems
Constipation is a symptom, not a disease.
Improper diet, reduced fluid intake, lack of exercise, and certain medications can cause constipation.
o Patients receiving o
Ch. 23: Drugs for Neurologic Disorders: Parkinsonism and Alzheimers disease
Parkinsonism: chronic neurologic disorder that affects the extrapyramidal motor tract (which controls
posture, balance and locomotion.)
Rigidity increases with movement. Postural
Ch. 22 Anticonvulsants
Seizure: results from abnormal electric discharges from the cerebral neurons and is characterized by a
loss or disturbance on consciousness, usually followed by a convulsion.
Convulsion: involuntary paroxysmal muscular contractions.
Ch. 46 Antihyperlipidemics & Peripheral Vasodilators
3 kinds of Lipids:
Protein that binds with lipid to make lipoproteins
APoA1 = HDL
APoB = LDL (APoB-100, APoB-48)
Drugs for GI tract Disorder
Vomiting: Emesis, the expulsion of gastric contents
The Cause of vomiting must be identified- anti-emetics can mask the cause of vomiting and should not
be used until the reaso
Chapter 64 Care of Patients with Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a leading cause of blindness, end-stage kidney disease, and foot or leg amputations, in the U. S.
DM is a chronic metabolic disease affecting glucose regulation; it requires life