What is Psychology?
The scientific study of behavioral and mental processes
Psychologists study many different aspects of these
Broken into subfields:
Behavioral- focuses on observed behaviors
Biological- brain/mind/behavior relationship
1. Generalized anxiety disorder
a. Chronic, high-level anxiety not tied/associated with any specific threat
(ex: anxiety associated with a final exam)
b. Fatigue, difficulty sleeping patterns, difficult eating patterns
2. Phobic disorder
What is developmental psychology?
A branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, social, and moral
changes throughout the lifespan
Stage theories of developmental psychology divide the lifespan into
Stages of Consciousness continued
Early you spend significant time in deep sleep and REM is relatively short. As the
night progresses you spend more and more time in REM sleep. You get the majority
of your deep sleep early in the night.
Example: exposure to violence leads to increased aggressiveness
Hypothesis: children who watch more violent TV will engage in more aggressive
behavior than those who dont watch as much violent TV.
How do you measure aggression?
Types of Research:
The Skin Senses
Layers of Cells
3. Subcutaneous fat
Receptors can register:
a. Squeeze and touch
2. Temperature (cold and warmNOT HOT. Heat that causes pain is
temperature/warmth and pain)
a. Why is pain so subje
Information Processing System
Computer Model1. Encoding- typing in the information
2. Storage- hard drive
3. Retrieval- finding and opening up files
Encoding- how do we get information into the system?
1. Attention- focusing awareness on narrowed r
Cognitive psychology = study of higher mental
processes, such as thinking, memory, problem
solving, reasoning and decision making
Thinking (cognition) = mental activities
associated with processing, understanding and
The most protected organ in the body
o Skull- encases the brain
o Cerebral spinal fluid- acts as a cushion
o Meninges- membranes that prevent the brain from colliding with the skull (meningitiswhen meninges s
Conditioning- Reinforcement vs. Punishment
1. What was the main finding of the article?
2. What was used to reinforce the bird?
3. How did the amount of time between feedings affect the behavior that was reinforced?
4. Classical or Oper
States of Consciousness
Primary areas of study:
What is consciousness?
Sleeping and dreams
Altered consciousness through drug use
1. Older people require more sleep than younger people FALSE
2. Everyone dreams several t