Supernatural beings who roamed the earth
during the Dreaming. They gave shape to the landscape
and created the various forms of life, including the first
humans. They organized the humans into tribes. When
they departed, they left symbols of thei
Jihad "Exertion" or "struggle." Sometimes counted
as the sixth pillar of Islam, the general spiritual
struggle to be a devout Muslim. In a more narrow
context, it refers to armed struggle (holy war) for the
sake of Islam, which the Qur'an supports only if
Yom Kippur Judaism's most important holy day, occurring in
the fall on the tenth day of the new year; spent primarily at
synagogue services in prayer for forgiveness of sins and marked
by abstention from food and drink (fasting).
Zionism Originally, the m
The Israelite king who led the monarchy to its height of
Diaspora The situation of Jews living away from their ancestral
homeland, a circumstance that has been true for most Jews since the
Holocaust The persecution of Jews b
Pali An ancient language of India, similar to Sanskrit but more commonly
understood, and used in the writing of the earliest Buddhist texts; most important
for Theravada Buddhism.
The second of the Four Noble Truths, selfish desire, which causes
The first of the Four Noble Truths, the basic Buddhist insight
that suffering is part of the human condition.
Eight-Fold Path The fourth of the Four Noble Truths; defines the basic
practices of Buddhism that lead to nirvana.
Five Precepts The basic
The eternal essence of reality and the source
of the universe, beyond the reach of human perception
The highest of the four classes of the caste
system, made up of priests.
The four classes: Brahmin (priests),
The Dreaming The mythic period during which the Ancestors roamed
The Laughing Jackass & The Sun Fire The story of how a bird sings
before the fire of the sun is kindled.
Toonkoo & Ngaardi A story about someone who went hunting,
chucked his spea
Umma The community of all Muslims.
Ecumenism The promotion of worldwide Christian
Also the Lord's Supper, or Holy
Communion, a central sacrament and ritual of Christianity
patterned after the Last Supper, which was shared by
Jesus and his