disaster, and armed conflict.
The United Nations Charter was drafted at a conference in AprilJune
1945; this charter took effect 24 October 1945, and the UN began
operation. The UN's mission to preserve world peace was complicated in
its early decades by
environment, and providing humanitarian aid in cases of famine, natural
commentators believe the organization to be an important force for
peace and human development, while others have called the organization
ineffective, corrupt, or biased.
International Court of Justice
Universal court for international law
y of all
September 11 attacks and as of 2010, Iranian authorities reportedly
continue to control their movements.
Nasser al-Bahri, who was bin Laden's personal bodyguard from 1997
2001, details bin Laden's personal life in his memoir. He describes him
as a fru
choreography by Gillian Lynne and design by John Napier. The run was later
extended through April 2015. Along with this Andrew Lloyd Webber would be
rewriting a number of songs from the musical. Speaking on the revival, Lloyd
Webber himself said, "
Vangawala. The latter and the Pikraj also worked as animal dealers.
Some men among the Shadibaz and the Vangawala entertained as
monkey or bear handlers and snake charmers; men and women among
the Baluch were musicians and dancers, and Baluch women also
were injustices against Muslims perpetrated by the United States and
sometimes by other non-Muslim states. He also called for the
elimination of the Israeli state, and called upon the United States to
withdraw all of its civilians and military personn
Bin Laden was opposed to music on religious grounds, and his
attitude towards technology was mixed. He was interested in "earthmoving machinery and genetic engineering of plants" on the one hand,
but rejected "chilled water" on the other.
"Prologue: Jellicle Songs for
Jellicle Cats" The Company
"The Naming of Cats" The
"The Invitation to the Jellicle Ball"
"The Moments Of Happiness"
Old Deuteronomy, Jemima
"Gus: The The
o 9.1 Allegations of Pakistani protection of bin Laden
10 See also
o 12.1 Bibliography
13 Further reading
14 External links
Further information: Romanization of Arabic
There is no universally accepted standard for translit
Little is known for certain about the past of these communities; the
history of each is almost entirely contained in their oral traditions.
Although some groupssuch as the Vangawalaare of Indian origin,
somelike the Noristaniare most probably of local ori
another. Among the various ways nomads relate to their environment,
one can distinguish the hunter-gatherer, the pastoral nomad owning
livestock, or the "modern" peripatetic nomad. As of 1995, there were an
estimated 3040 million nomads in the world.
1992; Argentina, 1993; Hong Kong, 1994; Spain, 2003; Poland and Czech
Republic, 2004; Russia and Estonia, 2005; Israel, Taiwan, Thailand, South Korea,
China and Finland, 2007; Singapore, Hong Kong, Dominican Republic, Norway,
Sweden, South Africa, China,
Main article: Declaration by United Nations
The earliest concrete plan for a new world organization began under the
aegis of the US State Department in 1939. The text of the "Declaration
by United Nations" was drafted by President Franklin Roosevelt, B
Saudi Arabian (19571994)
1.95 m (6 ft 5 in)
Spouse(s) Khairiah Sabar
Amal Ahmed al-Sadah
Children 20 to 26
The Rum Tum Tugger A flashy tomcat. His temperament ranges from
clownish to serious.
Skimbleshanks The railway cat. An active orange tabby cat, who lives on
the trains and acts as an unofficial chaperone to such an extent he is
considered rather indispe
Usama bin Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden
March 10, 1957
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
May 2, 2011 (aged 54)
Cause of death Ballistic trauma
were greatly exaggerated, and that bin Laden was actually "just over 6
feet (1.8 m) tall". Bin Laden had an olive complexion and was lefthanded, usually walking with a cane. He wore a plain white turban and
he had stopped wearing the traditional Saudi
1996, initiated a reform of the Secretariat, reducing the size of the
organization somewhat. His successor, Kofi Annan (19972006),
initiated further management reforms in the face of threats from the
United States to withhold its UN dues.
("Gus: The Theatre Cat"). He was once a famous actor but is now old and "suffers
from palsy which makes his paws shake." He is accompanied by Jellylorum, who
tells of his exploits. Gus then remembers how he once played the infamous
Growltiger, Terror of t
hall, jazz, rock and electro-acoustic music as well as hymn-like songs such as "The
Addressing of Cats".
Cats premiered in the West End at the New London Theatre on 11 May 1981.
There was trouble initially as Judi Dench, cast in the role of Grizabella, sn
o 4.1 Principal characters
o 4.2 Other characters
5 Notable casts
o 5.1 Other notable performers
6 Other notable professional casts
7 Awards and nominations
o 7.1 Original London production
o 7.2 Original Broadway production
o 7.3 2014 Lo
Grizabella The former Glamour Cat who has lost her sparkle and now
only wants to be accepted. Grizabella left the tribe when she was younger to
see the world for herself; she has experienced the harshness of the world.
Growltiger A theatrical character
Ancient Near East. The rapid spread of such nomadic pastoralism was
typical of such later developments as of the Yamnaya culture of the
horse and cattle nomads of the Eurasian steppe, or of the Mongol spread
of the later Middle Ages.
Increase in post-S
In Kazakhstan where the major agricultural activity was nomadic
herding, forced collectivization under Joseph Stalin's rule met with
massive resistance and major losses and confiscation of livestock.
Livestock in Kazakhstan fell from 7 million cat
Social and cultural anthropology
Pastoral nomads camping near Namtso in 2005. In Tibet, nomads
constitute about 40% of the ethnic Tibetan population.
A nomad (Greek: , nomas, plural , nomades; meani
Being convinced that complete victory over their enemies is essential to
defend life, liberty, independence and religious freedom, and to preserve
human rights and justice in their own lands as well as in other lands, and
that they are now engaged in a co
Contemporary peripatetic minorities in Europe and Asia
This section may stray from the topic of the article. Please help
improve this section or discuss this issue on the talk page. (July 2013)
Main article: Itinerant groups in Europe
the USSR's simultaneous invasion of Hungary following that country's
In 1960, the UN deployed United Nations Operation in the Congo
(UNOC), the largest military force of its early decades, to bring order to
the breakaway State of Katanga,
Agropastoralism: This is when symbiosis is between segments or
clans within an ethnic group.
True Nomadism: This is when symbiosis is at the regional level,
generally between specialised nomadic and agricultural
The pastoralists are sedenta