Chapter 1: Personality Theory - From Everyday Observations to Systemic
To develop a scientific theory of personality theorists must pursue five goals that
typically are not pursued in everyday, informal thinking.
1. Observation that is scientific
Introduction to Social Statistics
University of Louisville
Kent School of Social Work
Date and time: Mondays 4:00pm 6:30pm
Room and building: HM207
Name: Sunshine Rote, Ph.D.
Office: Oppenheimer Hall, Room 2
There are three general strategies of research: case studies, correlation research,
and experimental research. Researchers from all realms of psychology use these to
study, develop hypotheses, and draw conclusions. However, most research is not
Defense mechanisms are our minds way of protecting us. Defense mechanisms
mentally defend us against anxiety-provoking thoughts by suppressing reality so we
do not experience anxiety.
Denial- my best friends dad is struggling with finances, in addition to
Q: In a study of short term memory, a social worker measures the
time (in seconds) it takes for participants to remember words and
numbers that were told in the previous hour. Identify the level of
measurement of "time."
Rogers developed a phenomenological theory and was a prominent individual
in advancing phenomenology, or psychological study of peoples conscious
experiences. Rogers, is interested in the experiences of the observer: how a
person experiences the world, (P
Personality theories are made scientific by incorporating five goals. The five goals
are helpful to initiate critical thinking and conversation between theorists. The five
goals include: (1) observation that is scientific, meaning study large and diverse
Freud set a basis of ideas and Adler and Jung reinterpreted/reinvented his ideas to
cohere with their theories. This illustrates how theories can continuously grow and
how you can build ideas from those who are interested and have researched the