Chapter 10: Sedation, Agitation, Delirium: Assessment and Management
1. To achieve ventilator synchrony in a mechanically ventilated patient with acute respiratory
distress syndrome (ARDS), which level of sedation might be most effective?
1. According to the
on stress, what does a
person do first when
confronted by stress?
ms to deal
Chapter 08: Nutrition Alterations and Management
1. A patient with poorly controlled diabetes mellitus is to be started on enteral tube feeding.
What type of formula would be most appropriate?
c. Low sodium
d. High fat, low carbohydrate
Chapter 02: Ethical Issues
1. The difference between ethics and morals is that ethics
a. is more concerned with the why of behavior.
b. provides a framework for evaluation of the behavior.
c. is broader in scope than morals.
Chapter 07: Sleep Alterations and Management
1. Which stage of NREM sleep is associated with anabolic processes?
In stage N3 sleep, slow waves continue to develop until 50% of the EEG waveforms are slow
Chapter 05: Patient and Family Education
1. A patient is scheduled for a cardiac catheterization this afternoon. The nurse wants to provide
her with some basic information before going in the room to talk about her specific procedure.
Chapter 01: Critical Care Nursing Practice
1. During World War II, _ were developed to care for critically injured patients.
a. intensive care units
c. shock wards
b. triage wards
d. postoperative wards
During World War II, shock wa
Chapter 03: Legal Issues
1. The legal standard of care for a nurse's actions is defined as
a. minimal competency under the Nurse Practice Act.
b. the ability to distinguish what is right or wrong for the patient.
c. the demonstration of sa
Chapter 04: Genetics and Genomics in Critical Care
1. When a genetic variant exists in greater than 1% of the population, it is considered a
a. genetic mutation.
c. genetic deletion.
b. genetic polymorphism.
d. tandem repeat.
Chapter 09: Pain and Pain Management
1. The subjective characteristic implies that pain is
a. an uncomfortable experience present only in the patient with an intact nervous
b. an unpleasant experience accompanied by crying and tach
Surgical Asepsis Sterile techniques to eliminate all microorganisms, including pathogens and spores Used during procedure that require intentional perforation of the client's skin When the client's kin integrity is broken from surgical incision or
Physical Assessment Nursing Health History is used to identify patterns of health and illness, risk factors for physical and behavioral health problems, deviation from normal, and to help find solutions Guidelines for Conducting Heath Assessment Es
Skin Integrity and Wound Care Pressure Ulcers Localized area of tissue necrosis that develop when soft tissue is compressed between a bony prominence and an external surface for a prolonged period of time Any client with decreased mobility, decreas
Additional info on fluid & electrolytes:
Acid/Base balance: if you are too acidic or basic- buffers floating around your body help to maintain homeostasis of the hydrogen ions concentration of the ECF The three things that maintain pH balance are: bu
Heat and Cold Therapy before application of heat or cold therapy, the client should understand its purpose, symptoms and precautions taken to prevent injury Assessment for Temperature Tolerance: Before applying heat or cold therapies, the nurse mus
Medication Administration Nurses Role must be accountable for knowing which meds are prescribed, their therapeutic and nontherapeutic effects, and the medication's associated implications responsible for knowing why the client needs the meds and de
Fluids & Electrolytes
Intracellular fluids ( ICF ) is all fluid within the body's cells. In adults, about 40% of body weight is ICF. Potassium is a major electrolyte & principal cation ( + ) in ICF. Extracellular fluids ( ECF ) is all the fluid outs
Mobility and Immobility Body mechanics coordinated efforts of the musculoskeltal system and nervous system to maintain balance, posture, and body alignment during lifting, bending, and performing ADL's Use of proper body mechanics reduces the risk
Infection Control Asepsis is the absence of pathogenic microorganisms Medical asepsis, or clean technique, includes procedure used to reduce and prevent the spread of microorganisms, such as hand hygiene, using clean gloves, and cleaning the enviro