What are stereotypes? What are their effects and how are they formed?
Diagram of American German and Italian stereotypes:
We need to understand how we relate to a person, and stereotypes gives us a
starting point to how we relate to people.
Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud Psychic Energy Psychic Compression Pressure Valve Psychic Energy o Release of Pressure What causes psychic compression? o Tension o Threat o Vulnerability Use humor to lessen the threat Self-effacement make yourself look stupid
Satire and the Hebrew Prophets Thomas Jemielity Grades posted for blogs on Sunday check Sunday night and make sure they match up. Subversive or Conservative Humor Does satire serve a subversive function (undermining the prevailing ideology)? Does satire s
The Prejudiced Norm Theory If laugher is triggered by the compression and release of psych energy. by the split second movement from tension to recognition of the familiar. is it possible to laugh at something with which we have no association? Do stereot
Comedy, Tragedy & Religion
Separates tragic vision from comic vision.
Tragedy & Comedy are not merely stories about fictional and historical characters.
o They evoke emotions from audience.
o They embody visions of life. (a set of beliefs an
Humor & Social Life
= Personal Notes
Humor theory based on anthropology
Tessa is an incongruity an impeccably groomed woman who keeps a
o Societal Humor
Comic Rituals of Antiquity
Carnival goodbye to the flesh.
Carnival makes fun of the pretensions of the world makes fun of kings and figures
deemed important in society.
They are no different than the peasant they are just as
Humor as Mechanism of Shame & Power
Ancient Near Eastern Theories of Humor
Cultural theory based out of antiquity
How does humor function in antiquity?
Functions as an honor shame culture
Honor shame societies are different from western societies that fun
Conflict & Control Functions of Humor
R. Stephenson came up with classic theory. 1951.
Social Functions of Humor
Intergroup conflict humor between ingroup and outgroup. Generally groups do not
like each other.
o Humor serves as a weapon of malice.
The Bible & The Comic Vision
J. William Whedbee
Comic Biblical Texts
(Numbers 22) Balaams Talking Ass
(Genesis 18) Sarahs Laughter and her child, Issac the one who laughs (Issac
Hebrew for one who laughs
(Genesis 18) Abrahams dickerin