The Nicene Creed:
Created in 325 in Nicaea niacin council
Includes all of basic Christian beliefs (doctrine) divided into 3 parts.
o First ecumenical council Emperor Constantine brings people together
from all over the world this will help him unite his
Interested in church and practical logic believes that Rome is corrupt.
o He doesn't think that Christians are acting morally.
o He says that people have potential to be sinless he pushes people to
take the responsibility for their actions.
Heresies and Heretics
Marcion and Montanus
o 85-160 CE
o Heretic sets up own communities
o Lived through Bar Kochva Rebellion Jewish revolt against Rome
Romans come down on the Jews so it is advantageous to be
He wants to distinguish
Greek word heresies a chosen belief
Early Christianity word is considered neutral
Middle ages opinions at variance with established religious beliefs the word
is considered to have a negative connotation.
o Considered heresy rejection of churc
Gospel of Mark
Mark writes second gospel Rome, 60 A.D.
Gospel shows Romans that Jesus is savior
John the Baptist baptizes Jesus in Jordan after being baptized, spirit drives
Jesus into desert for 40 d/n passes the test of temptation brought upon by
1. Choose one section from the gospel of mark. Then discuss the effect this
teaching or incident had on Jewish officials and how Jesus heretical
message served in at least two of the ways proposed by Leonard George: as a
resource, a mirror, or a decoy.
1. How to understand the nature of Christ
o West Christ is 1 person with 2 natures (divine/human) Tertullian
o East will ultimately says that Christ is 1 person with 2 natures.
2. Is authority passed through office or worth o
Book of Acts
Tells about the history of the earliest age the Jesus movement 65-80 CE
Jesus believers were concerned that heretics were going against Judaism these
1) Jesus is Messiah Jews found this offensive. The messiah was
o 4th century heresy Nicene council meeting
o Biggest heresy of early Christian church
o Trinitarian controversy mostly father and son
o Arius priest in Alexandria he goes up against his own bishop
(Alexander) and accuses him of Sabellianism.
Becomes bishop of Hippo (N. Africa) in 396 (ten years after conversion)
When he was young not well behaved
o Part of the Manichees
386 goes through dramatic conversion into Christianity.
o One day he is sitting in garden and hears a voice tell