(lit.: "bliss") He was one of the principal disciples of the Buddha. He has been called the
beloved disciple of the Buddhist story.
He was the first cousin of the Buddha, and was devotedly attached to him.
nanda entered the Order in the second year
Literally means extinction or blowing out as in the extinguishing of the flame.
"Reached" by the extinguishing of hate, greed, lust, delusion, and ignorance.
To reach nirvana is the goal of Buddhists. It results in the release from samsa
Lit. means rope or thread.
Refers to the records of the oral teachings of the historical Buddha.
The Pli spelling 'sutta' refers to texts considered holy and part of the Pli canon
New sutras appeared in the Mahyna context, and t
Bodhisattvas live in Tusita Heaven before they descend to the human realm as buddhas.
Tusita heaven is still in the realm of Desire, its beings still feel passions, but they require
less to satisfy those passions, and are thus calmer and more refin
Prevalent in the Vedic traditions, in Jainism and in Buddhism.
Origins can be traced back to 1200 B.C.E.
Means "action" and for Buddhists it means intentional or willful acts.
Jains view karma more broadly in that both intentional and unintentional
Five Aggregates (khandas) are form, feeling, perception, fabrications, and consciousness.
They are psychological obstacles for the attainment of Nirvana
One must gradually detach oneself from them.
The first is material while the other four are
Noble 8-fold Path
The 4th Noble Truth.
It is the means to the cessation of suffering.
The eight parts are broken into three different categories.
1) Wisdom- right understanding, right thought.
2) Virtue speech, action, livelihood.
3) Concentration effort,
Sakya-muni, Siddhartha, Buddha
Historical Mahayana name for the Buddha that lived in the Magadha region.
Was a prince and member of the warrior caste, father was the king of the Sakya people.
Siddhartha rejected kingship, his wife, and son when he left th
One of the eighteen (or twenty) Nikya schools formed in early Buddhism.
This school was developed in the 4th century B.C.E. after the death of the Buddha.
It means Teachings of the Elders and it intended to preserve and use the original
Antman (Pali anatta)
Specifies the absence of a permanent and unchanging self or soul (tman).
What is normally thought of as the "self" is in fact an agglomeration of constantly
changing physical and mental constituents (skandhas) which give rise to unhap
The Personalist school of early Buddhism.
This is a generic name for a number of early Buddhist schools which argued that a
pudgala or person migrates from life to life.
Most other Buddhist school branded this group as heretical.