Social Psychology, MYERS
EXAM III, CHP 9-12
EXAM III Statements:
Research suggests that when we spontaneously categorize people, we do so in terms of our race.
In cases of rape, many believe that the victim somehow deserved it. This reaction is bes
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Social Psychology in Court
Myers begins this chapter with the O. J. Simpson case.
EYEWITNESS TESTIMONY: Most persuasive in court and most important part in
The power of persuasive
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Social Psychology in the Clinic
MAKING CLINICAL JUDGMENTS: Sources of Bias
Clinical intuition: less acceptance of scientific method by clinical than by nonclinical
consider everyday life.
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Chapter 13: Conflict and Peacemaking
Conflict is a perceived incompatibility of actions or goals.
Social dilemmas such as nuclear arms, global warming, and overpopulation occur as various
parties pursue the
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Chapter 12: HELPING
Altruism - A motive to increase another's welfare without conscious regard for one's selfinterests. A motive to increase another's welfare without conscious regard for one's selfinteres
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Chapter 11: Attraction and Intimacy / Liking and Loving Others
Complementarity: The popularly supposed tendency, in a relationship between two people, for
each to complete what is missing in the oth
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Chapter 10: Aggression / Hurting Others
Aggression - Physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt someone; Physical or verbal behavior
intended to cause harm. In laboratory experiments, this might mean de
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Chapter 9: Prejudice: Disliking Others
THE NATURE AND POWER OF PREJUDICE
PREJUDICE: A preconceived negative judgment of a group and its individual members.
a negative prejudgment of a group and its
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Chapter 8: Group Influence
What is a Group?
"two or more people who interact and influence one another"
perceive themselves as "us" (not "them")
TEST YOURSELF: Which of these are "groups"?
people waiting at a bus s
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Chapter 7: Persuasion
THE PATHS TO PERSUASION
Central (cognitive) Route (present information in such a convincing manner in order that
the person actual comes to believe in what you are selling/sayingeducated process)
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Chapter 6: Conformity
"CONFORMITY" has negative connotations.
However, conformity can sometimes be adaptive.
Cultural variations (greater acceptance of conformity in Japan than in U.S.)
SOCIAL INFLUENCE includes all e
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Chapter 5: Genes, Culture, and Gender
HUMAN NATURE AND CULTURAL DIVERSITY
evolution or culture?
Genes, Evolution, and Behavior
natural selection- Heritable traits that best enable organisms to survive and reproduce in