Our Lady of Holy Cross College
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Theology and Health Care Ethics
Dr. Margaret M. McKinnon
804-310-1282 cell (VA area code)
In this reading I learned about the virtue of justice. Justice is one of the four
cardinal virtues in classical European philosophy and Roman Catholicism. It is the
moderation or mean between selfishness and selflessness - between having more
In this chapter I learned about the virtue of prudence. Typically prudence is defined as,
the quality or fact of being prudent, or wise in practical affairs, as by providing for the future,
caution with regard to practical matters; and regard for one's ow
In this reading I learned all about the virtue of temperance. Temperance is
normally described as moderation or self-restraint in action, statement or selfcontrol. Some define it as habitual moderation in the indulgence of a natural
In this reading I learned exactly what a virtue is. The common belief is that a virtue
is of moral excellence, goodness, and righteousness. People define this as
conformity of one's life and conduct to moral and ethical principles; uprightness;
In this chapter, The Bases for Our Decisions, I was enlightened learned a great
deal more on what exactly a normative basis is and how we as humans are supposed
to live it out. A normative basis is a framework, point of reference, or backdrop
Commonly ethics is described as, "[having] to do with what my feelings tell me is
right or wrong (http:/www.scu.edu/ethics/practicing/decision/whatisethics.html).
Although, this definition is somewhat correct there is a much deeper meaning behind ethics
List the corporal works of mercy and state where they come from. How are they an
example of living in Christ?
The seven Corporal Works of Mercy are:
Feed the hungry
Give drink to the thirsty
Clothe the naked
Shelter the homeless
Care for the sick
What are the two basic parts of fortitude? Which is the primary one and why?
Fortitude can simply be defined as courage in pain or adversity. There are two main
parts to fortitude: attack and endurance. Attack is the part of fortitude in which the
Conscience can be described using the familiar term of an angel on one shoulder telling
you to do right and a devil on the other shoulder tempting you to do wrong. The little
angel on our shoulder telling us what we should do is considered our conscience.
Introducing Moral Theology text: Can one ever be responsible for
an emotional response? Explain. Give an example.
I think that whether we want to face it or not, to some degree we are all responsible for
our emotional response. It may not seem that we are
Give at least three reasons why it is important to focus not just on
particular actions, but on virtues, in doing moral theology. Use an
example to show how having a virtue is not the same as simply
performing good actions.
1. Habit: A habit is not simply
Freedom of Indifference:
Is choosing between contraries, usually good and evil.
Simply the power to move in two opposite directions, two contraries;
freedom resides in the will alone
Given to man entire from first moment. No middle ground, no formatio
o MORALITY OF OBLIGATION:
approach was envisioned by Glucagon
claim that following moral rules is experienced as an
obligation because following the rules is not what we
really want to do since it is not the path to true