Chapter 5.1 Genetics and Evolution of Behaviours
Chromosomes strands of hereditary material.
Each human have 23 pairs of chromosomes (23 chromosomes from sperm and 23
chromosomes from egg combine to form 23 pairs)
Genes sections along each chromosomes, co
Chapter 6 - Learning
Behavourist believe that conclusion must be based on measurements and observations of
Structuralist asked people to describe their own mental processes.
Methodological behaviourism sometimes use behavioural observations to
Chapter 11.1 General principles of Motivation
Motivation Process that determines the reinforcement of an outcome.
Drive Reduction Theory motivation is an irritation that continues until we find a way to
reduce it. It is usually induced by a persons needs
Chapter 12.1 The Nature of Emotion
Emotions A feeling state involving physiological arousal, a cognitive appraisal of the
situation arousing the state, and an outward expression of the state.
Measuring emotions Emotions are inferred, not observed directly
Chapter 13.1 Cooperation & Competition
Kohlbergs Views (similar to Piaget) moral reasoning is a process that naturally matures
through a series of stages. Judgement can represent either at a high or low level and we
evaluate a persons moral reasoning base
Chapter 14.1 Personality Theories
Personality the consistent ways in which the behaviour of a person differs from that of
others, especially in social situations.
Psychodynamic theory (Sigmund Freud) described personality as the outcome of
Chapter 15.1 Abnormal Behaviour
Normal/Abnormal behaviour APA defines behaviour as abnormal if it leads to distress,
disability or increased risk of harm. However, any definition of abnormal behaviour has
Views of abnormality People have des
Chapter 16.1 Anxiety Disorder
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) people are almost constantly plagued by
exaggerated worries. They experience excessive anxiety much in a day even when actual
dangers are low. (E.g. I might get sick; I might lose my job etc
Module 3.2 Drugs and their effects
Drugs that increase energy, alertness and activity. They prevent neurons from absorbing
dopamine or serotonin after releasing them.
Some common stimulant drugs:
Effects on nervous system