Explain the reasoning behind Duvergers Law.
Duvergers Law states that the logic of electoral competition in SMD (single-member
district) electoral systems results in the survival of only two parties in the long term.
Multiple parties will probab
1. Vertical accountability ?
The ability of individuals and groups in a society to hold state institutions accountable
2. In a parliamentary system, the head of government is the executive and
a. chief justice of the court.
b. countrys symboli
Comparative Politics Test Review
1. What observation proves Francis Fukuyamas thesis on The End of History false?
Francis Fukuyama believed that the end of the Cold War was the end of history because the postCold War era would consist of peace and countri
1. What are examples of public goods ?
National security, protection of property and contract rights, a currency
2. What are politically generated public good?
Government regulations requiring improved working conditions and implementation of
1. Access to education, pensions, and health care are examples of what right?
2. What type of regime has become the international standard to which all other regimes
Regimes that consist of citizenship, civil society and
1. Citizenship based on residence within a national territory is called what?
2. Instrumentalism is what type of theory?
3. Primordialism claims that identity groups can be defined by what features?
POLITICS IN MEXICO
For more than six decades, the outcomes of Mexican presidential elections
had been known the moment that the ruling Partido Revolucionario
Institucional (PRI) announced its nominee. Since the hotly contested but
Politics in Russia
o The leader is a father to everyone, assumes he knows whats
best and acts in best interest
o Traditional, comes from Russian orthodox church
Mistakes of Tsarist Regi
Chapter 11: Politics in Japan
Height around 600 AD
Takes control over Japan
Established Imperial court
Buddhism, constitution, legal codes
Warring shogun (similar to European lords)
Chapter 8: Politics in Britain
Regime: constitutional monarchy with parliamentary democracy
Head of state=queen, head of government=prime minister
Powers in constitution: common law/no formal written constitution
Use of past decisions as precedent
Chapter 9: Politics in France
Regime: republic, democratic
Executive: semi-pres; pres and PM
Selection of exec: direct election of president, appointed pm
Lower chamber: national assembly
Upper chamber: senate
Chapter 1: Issues in Comparative Politics
Public and Private Spheres
Large public sphere: government has greater influence
Large private sphere: rural Africa, for example, not as influenced by
Political decisions are public and autho
Many direct at major challenges of contemporary states:
o Building community
o Fostering development
o Securing democracy and rights
Outputs of public policies
o Symbolic outputs
Comparative Politics Notes;
Single member district majority elections typically in France
o Single member plurality: United States. Due to 2-party system.
o Proportional Representation: Dependent on district magnitude.
More district magnitude, more parti
Politics: The process of making decisions and executing them.
Quantitative research: statistics. Numbers. The exact things you get from the decisions.
Qualitative: work is meant to be explaining. Explanations of actions.,
Rational Choice: People believe i
Comparative Politics Study Guide: 3/20/15
Organizational Parallelism: Two organs within the state that have identical
powers. Needed for faade of democracy, usually has constitution.
o Party modeled after constitution, or vice-versa.
o Ex: Constitution is
10 May 2013
Germanys turmoiled history has greatly influenced its current political structure. The
modernization of its political culture came much later than other European powers;
20 April 2013
Les Miserables: The Revolutionary Ones
Les Miserables, Victor Hugos epic novel, became a world-renowned literary
sensation after its initial publication in 1862. It was brought to the stage in the earl
Final Exam Study Guide for Terms
The submerged state: Mettler, When the state has set up a set of indirect government
subsidies and benefits whose size and beneficiaries remains largely invisible to the
public. Most citizens dont realize or appreciate all